Name: 
 

USH17



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

The Freedmen’s Bureau was a/an
a.
organization established by Congress to aid poor southerners.
b.
organization made up of a group of newly freed African Americans.
c.
group created to establish rules and regulations for freedmen in the United States.
d.
group designed to aid Reconstruction by building the economy of the South.
 

 2. 

How did the Wade-Davis Bill differ from Lincoln’s Ten Percent Plan?
a.
The Wade-Davis Bill required that a majority of southern males take an oath of loyalty.
b.
The Wade-Davis Bill required that each southern state ban slavery.
c.
The Wade-Davis Bill allowed each southern state to receive a presidential pardon.
d.
The Wade-Davis Bill allowed Confederate supporters to vote and hold office.
 

 3. 

What did ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment mean for African Americans?
a.
It gave African Americans the same economic opportunities as white Americans.
b.
It provided African Americans with compensation for their labor during slavery.
c.
It gave African American citizens the right to vote.
d.
It provided African Americans with a future free from slavery.
 

 4. 

How did the Freedmen’s Bureau affect education for freed slaves in the South?
a.
It provided freed slaves with transportation to and from schools.
b.
It established more schools and increased efforts to educate freed slaves.
c.
It created scholarship programs that allowed freed slaves to attend college.
d.
It established integrated schools for freed slaves and poor whites to attend.
 

 5. 

Lincoln’s main vision for Reconstruction was to
a.
quickly return the South to its previous way of life.
b.
see freed slaves living as equals with their white counterparts.
c.
reunite the nation as quickly and painlessly as possible.
d.
make it difficult for the southern states to reenter the Union.
 

 6. 

Many Republican Congress members disagreed with Lincoln’s Ten Percent Plan for Reconstruction because they thought that
a.
it would take more to restore the Union than for southern states to swear an oath of loyalty.
b.
Lincoln’s plan was too harsh for the southern states to agree to.
c.
the percentage of voters required to swear an oath of loyalty under Lincoln’s plan was too high.
d.
those who supported the Confederacy should be able to vote and hold office.
 

 7. 

How did Reconstruction affect the social structure of the South?
a.
African Americans began to demand the same economic and political rights as whites.
b.
African Americans were recognized as equals under the laws of southern governments.
c.
African Americans received free plots of land from southern planters who were forced to give up land.
d.
African Americans received adequate compensation for their forced labor during slavery.
 

 8. 

Why did Congress still refuse to readmit southern states into the Union in 1865, when Vice President Andrew Johnson became president?
a.
The representatives of the new governments failed to declare secession illegal.
b.
The new governments failed to revise their constitutions by that year.
c.
The new governments refused to ban slavery in their respective states.
d.
The representatives of the new governments had been leaders of the Confederacy.
 

 9. 

President Andrew Johnson’s plan for wealthy southerners and former Confederate officials was to
a.
grant them amnesty through presidential pardons.
b.
have them pay off Confederate debts.
c.
make them federal representatives.
d.
force them to surrender their land.
 

 10. 

President Johnson’s administration went about setting up new southern governments by
a.
appointing Union generals as governors.
b.
establishing a temporary government for the entire South.
c.
banning Confederate officials from public positions.
d.
allowing elections of state and federal representatives.
 

 11. 

Which statement describes working life at southern mills in the late 1800s?
a.
Skilled employees received constant training and were content with the work.
b.
Employees were overworked and suffered from asthma and brown-lung disease.
c.
Slow-moving machinery bored workers but high wages made it all worth it.
d.
Children were not allowed near the mills and no women were ever promoted.
 

 12. 

The Black Codes were
a.
laws passed that limited the freedom of African Americans.
b.
laws passed that provided economic support for freed slaves.
c.
identification numbers assigned to individual slaves.
d.
demands from African Americans to southern governments.
 

 13. 

Southern governments believed they were justified in passing the Black Codes because they felt that
a.
the government was intended for white men only and not African Americans.
b.
the government should provide African Americans with the same discipline slaveholders provided.
c.
they were making the transition from slavery easier for African Americans.
d.
African Americans wanted some guidance on how to conduct their lives after obtaining freedom.
 

 14. 

The Black Codes required that African Americans sign work contracts so as to
a.
create revenue for the southern state governments after the war.
b.
make sure that African Americans were being fairly treated.
c.
replace the labor force that had been lost after the ending of slavery.
d.
ensure that African Americans had steady work after the Civil War.
 

 15. 

Which of these was a restriction placed on African Americans under the Black Codes?
a.
African Americans were prevented from owning guns.
b.
African Americans could not accept wages for work completed.
c.
African Americans were prevented from leaving the South without permission.
d.
African Americans could not work in white households.
 

 16. 

Republicans proposed the Fourteenth Amendment before southern states were readmitted to the Union to
a.
protect the Civil Rights Act from being overturned by the South.
b.
prevent the South from practicing racial discrimination.
c.
ensure that southern states would agree to enter the Union.
d.
gain southern support of the Republican Party before the election.
 

 17. 

The Fourteenth Amendment defined who could be considered a U.S. citizen. Which group did the Amendment exclude from U.S. citizenship?
a.
antislavery supporters
b.
Native Americans
c.
African Americans
d.
Confederacy supporters
 

 18. 

President Johnson decided to reject the Freedmen’s Bureau because he
a.
felt that the Bureau was giving too much power to African Americans.
b.
did not agree with the educational reforms that the Bureau made.
c.
determined the Bureau to be unconstitutional.
d.
saw that the Bureau was becoming a threat to Reconstruction.
 

 19. 

The Reconstruction Acts, passed by Congress in March 1867, affected the makeup of the southern states by
a.
creating new governments and appointing Republican governors to each state in the South.
b.
dividing the South into new states controlled by leaders who had not been supporters of the Confederacy.
c.
dividing the South into five military districts controlled by a military commander.
d.
creating a new boundary that separated the North from the states that had seceded from the Union.
 

 20. 

Why did the House of Representatives vote to impeach President Johnson in 1868?
a.
The president had been indicted for corruption.
b.
The president had spoken against the Reconstruction Acts.
c.
The president had fired a cabinet official without Senate approval.
d.
The president had made secret agreements with the military in the South.
 

 21. 

Congress passed a law limiting President Johnson’s powers in 1868 because the president had
a.
been impeached.
b.
fired his secretary of war.
c.
opposed the Reconstruction Acts.
d.
lost popularity among voters.
 

 22. 

The Fifteenth Amendment protected the right of African American men to
a.
bear arms.
b.
equal treatment.
c.
vote.
d.
petition.
 

 23. 

Congressional Republicans thought that passing the Fifteenth Amendment would help protect their Reconstruction plan because they believed
a.
African Americans would vote to support the plan.
b.
the South would finally get behind their plan.
c.
the Amendment would end disputes between the North and South.
d.
the Amendment that would end racial discrimination.
 

 24. 

Which group criticized the Fifteenth Amendment?
a.
women
b.
immigrants
c.
the lower classes
d.
ex-Confederate voters
 

 25. 

Whom did white southerners call “carpetbaggers”?
a.
former Confederate leaders who joined the Republican Party
b.
African American Republicans who took over Confederate seats
c.
former slaves living in the north who voted with the Republicans
d.
northern-born Republican office-holders in the South
 

 26. 

Hiram Revels was the first African American to hold which post?
a.
secretary of state
b.
U.S. senator
c.
U.S. House representative
d.
Supreme Court justice
 

 27. 

Which of these was a reason behind the creation of the Ku Klux Klan in 1866?
a.
the admittance of the southern states back into the Union
b.
the corruption of Reconstruction governments
c.
the election of President Ulysses S. Grant
d.
the expansion of suffrage rights to include African Americans
 

 28. 

How did members of the Ku Klux Klan demonstrate their anger towards African Americans?
a.
They used violence and terror.
b.
They lobbied Congress.
c.
They held peaceful protests.
d.
They voted against Democrats.
 

 29. 

Why was the Ku Klux Klan able to obtain a great deal of power in the South before 1870?
a.
Local governments did not do much to stop the violence of the group.
b.
The Klan made threats to the government to discourage government interference.
c.
The Klan received public support from Congress to continue its work.
d.
Local governments had no legal right to prohibit the group’s activities.
 

 30. 

The formation of the Ku Klux Klan inspired Congress to declare
a.
that it was illegal to interfere with elections or deny citizens equal protection.
b.
that groups like the Ku Klux Klan needed a federal permit to operate legally.
c.
it illegal to speak out publicly in a hateful way toward African Americans.
d.
that the Ku Klux Klan had a right to exist and deserved protection under the law.
 

 31. 

In 1872, what change in southern state governments brought about the end of many Reconstruction reforms?
a.
The federal government took control of choosing state legislators.
b.
Low-ranking former Confederates were permitted to hold public office.
c.
Republican leaders began to raise questions about the Reconstruction Acts.
d.
African Americans lost their positions in the state legislatures.
 

 32. 

A direct effect of the Compromise of 1877 was the
a.
institution of a poll tax in the South.
b.
promotion of Reconstruction by the White House.
c.
removal of federal troops from the South.
d.
end of federal funding for Reconstruction reforms.
 

 33. 

Jim Crow laws?
a.
enforced the segregation of African Americans and whites.
b.
enforced African Americans’ right to vote.
c.
protected African American civil rights.
d.
prevented African Americans from holding office.
 

 34. 

Who were the Redeemers?
a.
Northerners hoping to create laws in favor of segregation
b.
northern Republicans interested in reinstating Reconstruction
c.
radical Southerners who hoped to restore slavery in the South
d.
Democrats who brought their party back to power in the South
 

 35. 

Jobs in which industry offered many southern workers an alternative to farming in the late 1800s?
a.
cotton
b.
steel
c.
construction
d.
shipping
 

Completion
Complete each statement.
 

 36. 

______________________ was the process of reuniting and rebuilding the nation without slavery following the Civil War. (Reconstruction/Renaissance)
 

 

 37. 

The ____________________ Amendment, passed by Congress in 1865, made slavery illegal. (Thirteenth/Fifteenth)
 

 

 38. 

To ensure that the Civil Rights Act of 1866 would not be overturned, Congress proposed the ______________________ Amendment, which granted citizenship to African Americans. (Fourteenth/Fifteenth)
 

 

 39. 

The Fifteenth Amendment granted African American men ______________________ rights in the United States. (voting/citizenship)
 

 

 40. 

Common in southern states, __________________________ enforced segregation, or the separation of whites from African Americans in public places. (the Black Codes/Jim Crow laws)
 

 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
sharecropping
b.
Reconstruction Acts
c.
Compromise of 1877
d.
Radical Republicans
e.
Andrew Johnson
f.
Black Codes
g.
poll tax
h.
Plessy v. Ferguson
i.
Freedmen’s Bureau
j.
Hiram Revels
k.
segregation
l.
Civil Rights Act of 1866
 

 41. 

first African American senator, he helped organize African American troops in the Civil War
 

 42. 

organization that provided assistance to all poor people living in the South
 

 43. 

political group that wanted the federal government to become more involved in Reconstruction
 

 44. 

farming system used in the South in which a worker farms the land and gives the landowner a portion of the crop as payment for rent
 

 45. 

set of laws that divided the South into five districts under military control
 

 46. 

American leader who became president following Lincoln’s assassination
 

 47. 

forced legal separation of the races introduced by Redeemer governments
 

 48. 

set of laws that limited the freedom and rights of African Americans
 

 49. 

law passed by Congress that gave African Americans the same legal rights as white Americans
 

 50. 

policy set forth by Redeemer governments in an effort to deny African Americans the right to vote
 



 
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