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USH 16 P



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Study the chart below and answer the question that follows.

mc001-1.jpg

According to the chart, which of the following statements is true?
a.
The North was more industrialized and populated than the South.
b.
Southern cities could rely on a larger system of roads than the North.
c.
The North produced 30% less cotton than the South.
d.
The South was more advanced in agriculture and industry than the North.
 

 2. 

The “cotton diplomacy” advanced by Confederate President Jefferson Davis was based on the belief that
a.
Britain would support the South because it needed the raw cotton.
b.
he North would spare cotton plantations from attacks.
c.
the South would be supported by the owners of the plantations.
d.
Britain would stop supplying the North with cotton in case of war.
 

 3. 

As a strategy for winning the Civil War, Union General Winfield Scott wanted to
a.
cut off the Confederacy’s means of transportation by taking control of the railroads in the South.
b.
deny the South access to the North by building a wall along the border between North and South.
c.
gain control of the Confederate capital in Richmond and force the southern troops to surrender.
d.
employ a naval blockade of southern ports and gain control of the Mississippi River to divide the Confederacy.
 

 4. 

The Union and the Confederate armies built up their troops by
a.
relying on help from volunteers to serve in the army.
b.
using women and children to serve in the army.
c.
issuing a draft, which forced civilians to serve in the army.
d.
giving monetary rewards to people willing to serve in the army.
 

 5. 

The U.S. Sanitary Commission, formed in preparation for the Civil War, is an example of the
a.
North’s focus on raising money to create hospitals for prisoners of war.
b.
North’s effort to license more doctors, including women, to practice medicine.
c.
role of civilians in helping Union troops get medicine, bandages, and food.
d.
role of women in training nurses to be sent to Union camps and hospitals.
 

 6. 

What was the main problem for the Confederate and Union armies when preparing for war?
a.
Most soldiers had neither boots nor uniforms.
b.
Most soldiers found rifles difficult to carry.
c.
Most soldiers were unreliable mercenaries.
d.
Most soldiers were inexperienced and undisciplined.
 

 7. 

The First Battle of Bull Run
a.
shattered the Union’s hope of winning the war quickly and easily.
b.
showed the Union that the Confederate army was weaker than anticipated.
c.
demonstrated to the Confederacy the power and strength of the Union army.
d.
destroyed the Confederacy’s hope of restoring unity without resorting to war.
 

 8. 

Why did Union General George B. McClellan hesitate before launching an attack on the Confederate army in 1862?
a.
He thought his soldiers had not received enough training.
b.
He was waiting for reinforcements from Washington.
c.
He had overestimated the size of the Confederate army.
d.
He was waiting for the right moment to launch a direct assault.
 

 9. 

What did the Second Battle of Bull Run accomplish for the Confederacy?
a.
Most of the Union troops were forced to retreat in defeat.
b.
The Confederacy gained control of the Union’s capital.
c.
The Confederacy gained control of the northern railroads.
d.
Most of the Union troops were lost during this battle in Virginia.
 

 10. 

Union General George B. McClellan refused to use reserve soldiers in the Battle of Antietam because he
a.
thought General Lee was gathering reserves for a counterattack.
b.
thought the battle was already causing too many casualties.
c.
feared he was losing the battle and wanted to spare his soldiers.
d.
wanted to split his army and send the reserves to Harpers Ferry.
 

 11. 

Why did the Union find it difficult to maintain the blockade it set up to control southern ports?
a.
The Union navy was not as strong as the naval forces of the Confederacy.
b.
The South had the help of the European navy to get around the blockade.
c.
The South had small, fast ships to get around the blockade.
d.
The Union navy had to patrol thousands of miles of coastline.
 

 12. 

What feature made the new warships developed by the South dangerous to the Union navy?
a.
The ships could sail undetected for long periods of time.
b.
The ships were heavily armored with thick metal plating.
c.
The ships could be completely submerged underwater.
d.
The ships were very fast and could haul tons of ammunition.
 

 13. 

The development of new warships by both the North and the South
a.
shifted the majority of fighting from the land to the sea.
b.
made the power of the Northern and Southern navies equal.
c.
marked the end of the use of wooden warships powered by sails and wind.
d.
demonstrated to both sides that the war would not be ending soon.
 

 14. 

The goal of the Union army in the West was to gain control of the
a.
Mississippi River.
b.
border state of Kentucky.
c.
railroads in the West.
d.
Confederate capital.
 

 15. 

What did the Union victory in the Battle of Shiloh mean for the Union?
a.
It won the war in the West for the Union.
b.
It gave the Union greater control of the Mississippi River valley.
c.
It allowed the Union to focus more on the war in the East.
d.
It established Union control over the border states.
 

 16. 

Ulysses S. Grant was qualified to lead an army because he had
a.
led an army troop to victory during the War of 1812.
b.
served in the French and Indian War and contributed to the victory.
c.
led America to victory during the American Revolution.
d.
served in the Mexican-American War and proven his strength in battle.
 

 17. 

Why did many Native Americans choose to join the Confederacy in the war effort in the Far West?
a.
They identified with the Confederacy’s fight to hold onto their beliefs.
b.
They agreed with the Confederate states’ practice of using slave labor.
c.
They hoped that Confederate leaders would give them more independence.
d.
They thought that a winning Confederacy would return their native lands.
 

 18. 

Where did the Battle of Pea Ridge take place?
a.
eastern California
b.
northern Texas
c.
eastern Missouri
d.
northern Arkansas
 

 19. 

Why did President Lincoln support the abolition of slavery?
a.
He thought that it would help the North win the war.
b.
He thought slavery gave too much power to the South.
c.
He thought that the South would surrender if slavery were abolished.
d.
He felt that slaves would continue supporting the South unless they were freed.
 

 20. 

How did many northern Democrats feel about Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation?
a.
They were upset that slaves were not emancipated in the border states.
b.
They feared that freed slaves would come north and take their jobs at lower wages.
c.
They were in total agreement with Lincoln’s decision to emancipate the slaves.
d.
They feared the Union would remain divided despite the freeing of southern slaves.
 

 21. 

African American soldiers in the Civil War faced more difficulties than white soldiers in that they were
a.
given rotten food to eat and poor living conditions at camp.
b.
killed or sold into slavery if captured by the Confederacy.
c.
not experienced at war and did not know what to expect.
d.
only given bayonets with which to fight.
 

 22. 

In 1864 how did Lincoln propose rewarding African American soldiers who had served for the Union Army?
a.
He considered granting them U.S. citizenship.
b.
He suggested granting them the right to vote.
c.
He recommended giving them the right to own property.
d.
He thought about granting them the right to hold office.
 

 23. 

Why did many criticize the northern draft of 1863?
a.
They felt that the draft forced white men to fight for the sake of African Americans in the South.
b.
They felt that the draft was unconstitutional because it took away a man’s right to decide to serve in the war.
c.
They felt that the draft favored the rich by allowing them to buy their way out of serving.
d.
They felt that the draft forced men who were too young and inexperienced to fight in the war.
 

 24. 

What did President Lincoln do to silence those in opposition to the war?
a.
He banned the publication of anti-war articles in newspapers.
b.
He decided that enemies of the Union would be forced to immediately leave the United States.
c.
He ignored protections against unlawful imprisonment by jailing enemies of the Union without trial.
d.
He ordered that anyone who openly opposed the war be fined a large sum of money.
 

 25. 

Many Northerners began to oppose the Civil War because they
a.
began to realize the importance of slavery to the South’s economy.
b.
felt that the Union was being too harsh on the Confederacy.
c.
thought Lincoln was following his own agenda and not the Union’s.
d.
were upset by the length of the war and the number of casualties.
 

 26. 

How were prisoners of war treated during the Civil War?
a.
They were treated humanely but most often they died before their release.
b.
They were often forced to fight for the enemy troops.
c.
They were often held without shelter and given little food.
d.
They were treated well because their captors wanted money for their return.
 

 27. 

How did life change for civilians in the North during the Civil War?
a.
Many civilians lost their homes and livelihoods because of the poor wartime economy.
b.
Civilians often became casualties of war when battles took place in the middle of towns and major cities.
c.
Civilians often had to go long periods of time without food because all supplies were sent to the troops.
d.
Many civilians incapable of serving in the war had to take over the jobs left vacant by soldiers in the war.
 

 28. 

During the Civil War many women
a.
provided medical care for soldiers injured in the war.
b.
began to serve in the military after Lincoln granted them permission.
c.
traveled with soldiers to cook meals for them during the war.
d.
organized protests to call for peace.
 

 29. 

What gave General Lee the chance to reunite the two sections of his army in time for the Union attack on Fredericksburg in 1862?
a.
The Union army spent too much time being trained by General Joseph Hooker.
b.
The Union army was delayed by crossing the Rappahannock River.
c.
The Union army launched the attack on Chancellorsville, which was well defended.
d.
The Union army was not able to break the Confederate defensive line for three days.
 

 30. 

Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address reflected ideas from the Declaration of Independence in that it emphasized
a.
giving freedom and equal rights to slaves.
b.
protecting the rights of individuals.
c.
establishing a limited government.
d.
valuing liberty, equality, and democracy.
 

 31. 

What advantage did the North have over the South in the Battle of Gettysburg?
a.
The North gained control of Little Round Top, which gave them a better position than the South.
b.
The North had more experience and a greater number of troops than the South.
c.
The North camped at Seminary Ridge, which allowed them to line up parallel to the southern troops.
d.
The North had heavier artillery and more resources than the South.
 

 32. 

Why was the Battle of Gettysburg a turning point in the Civil War?
a.
It resulted in the Confederacy losing over half of its troops.
b.
It was the last time Lee’s troops launched an attack in the North.
c.
It was the scene of the surrender of the Confederate troops to the Union.
d.
It marked the first clear Union victory of the Civil War.
 

 33. 

What important contribution did General William Tecumseh Sherman make to the Union war effort?
a.
He succeeded in destroying southern railroads and industries by capturing Atlanta.
b.
He gained control over Confederate troops after he led the Union in capturing the Confederate capital.
c.
He cut off southern access to waterways by setting up a naval blockade in the Atlantic Ocean.
d.
He rendered southern troops helpless when he captured Confederate General Robert E. Lee.
 

 34. 

What was the strategy of total war adopted by General Sherman?
a.
destroying civilian and military resources
b.
executing all prisoners of war without a trial
c.
attacking the enemy both on land and from the sea
d.
killing the slaves and, consequently, the work force
 

 35. 

Why did General Lee decide to surrender his troops at Appomattox Courthouse?
a.
General Lee no longer wanted to fight and his troops wanted to surrender.
b.
The Union promised to restore the South to its way of life before the war.
c.
Confederacy president Jefferson Davis ordered him to surrender.
d.
The Union had surrounded his troops and he had run out of supplies.
 

Completion
Complete each statement.
 

 36. 

The northern defeat in the __________________________, the first major battle of the Civil War, crushed the Union’s hope of winning the war quickly. (Battle of Gettysburg/First Battle of Bull Run)
 

 

 37. 

In order to silence opposition to the Civil War, President Lincoln suspended the right of ______________________, which protects citizens from unlawful imprisonment. (habeas corpus/double jeopardy)
 

 

 38. 

_________________ organized medicine and supplies for troops on the battlefield and founded what would eventually become the American Red Cross. (Clara Barton/Dolly Madison)
 

 

 39. 

The Union victory in the Battle of ______________________ was a turning point in the war that marked General Lee’s final attack in the North. (Battle of Gettysburg/Battle of Antietam)
 

 

 40. 

In 1864, under the leadership of General _________________, the Union carried out its goal of destroying railroads by capturing Atlanta, Georgia, which was an important southern railroad link. (Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson/William Tecumseh Sherman)
 

 

True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
 

 41. 

The Union victory in the Second Battle of Bull Run allowed the North to gain full control of the Mississippi River.
 

 42. 

The Union victory in the Siege of Vicksburg gave the Union full control of the valuable Mississippi River.
 

 43. 

When Admiral Farragut entered Baton Rouge, Louisiana, he had his wooden ships wrapped in heavy chains to protect them like ironclads.
 

 44. 

Lincoln faced northern opposition to the Civil War after Congress approved a draft, or forced military service, in 1863.
 

 45. 

General Robert E. Lee surrendered in Richmond in April of 1865 after Confederate soldiers surrounded his troops, who had few supplies.
 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Wilderness Campaign
b.
contrabands
c.
Winfield Scott
d.
Ulysses S. Grant
e.
Pickett’s Charge
f.
Appomattox Courthouse
g.
54th Massachusetts Infantry
h.
total war
i.
Battle of Shiloh
j.
Copperheads
 

 46. 

African American military troupe that led the charge on Fort Wagner in South Carolina
 

 47. 

group of midwestern Democrats who sympathized with the South and opposed abolition
 

 48. 

Union General who led the western campaign during the Civil War
 

 49. 

escaped slaves
 

 50. 

series of battles launched by the Union in northern and central Virginia
 

 51. 

Civil War battle in which the Union gained greater control of the Mississippi River
 

 52. 

type of warfare where civilian and military resources are destroyed
 

 53. 

unsuccessful attack made by the Confederacy on Union troops during the Battle of Gettysburg
 

 54. 

scene of the meeting between Union and Confederate leaders in which the Confederacy surrendered
 

 55. 

Union General whose two-part strategy was to destroy the South’s economy and divide the South by gaining control of the Mississippi River
 



 
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