Name: 
 

USH 15 P



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

The Wilmot Proviso was an idea proposed to Congress to
a.
prohibit slavery in all parts of the Mexican Cession.
b.
reinstate slavery in the northern states.
c.
allow slaves to be counted in the population of a state.
d.
increase and improve the rights given to slaves.
 

 2. 

The Wilmot Proviso spurred a debate that showed growing sectionalism, which refers to
a.
attempts to outline electoral districts based on religion.
b.
taking advantage of loopholes in state and federal laws.
c.
paying attention to just one part of a problem.
d.
favoring the interests of a region over those of the country.
 

 3. 

What was Senator Henry Clay’s contribution in the Compromise of 1850?
a.
calling for the end of slavery in the southern states
b.
proposing a ban of slavery in the Mexican Cession
c.
asking that the slave states be able to secede from the Union
d.
proposing that California enter the Union as a free state
 

 4. 

What was a consequence of the Compromise of 1850?
a.
The federal government was losing power over the states.
b.
Divisions between North and South became more distinct.
c.
Economic benefits of the slave trade were destroyed in all parts of the nation.
d.
The balance between free and slave states ended in the Union.
 

 5. 

What was the position of South Carolina Senator John C. Calhoun in the debate for the Compromise of 1850?
a.
Slave states should separate peacefully from the Union.
b.
Slavery should end in the nation’s capital.
c.
The federal government should ban the slave trade.
d.
California should enter the Union as a free state.
 

 6. 

Most northerners opposed the Fugitive Slave Act because it
a.
endangered their way of life since a large number of fugitive slaves lived in the North.
b.
encouraged slaves to resort to rebellion and violence to protest the new law.
c.
gave commissioners too much power and should have allowed slaves the right to jury trials.
d.
ended the progress that the antislavery movement had made in the South.
 

 7. 

Which of the following statements about the Fugitive Slave Act is true?
a.
The law permitted fugitives to testify on their own behalf.
b.
People who helped runaways often served as defense witnesses.
c.
Commissioners benefited from returning slaves to slaveholders.
d.
Enforcement of the law began ten years after it was passed.
 

 8. 

Why was the case of Anthony Burns significant?
a.
It marked the end of the Fugitive Slave Act.
b.
It was the first case of a fugitive being declared free.
c.
It led to a harsher version of the Fugitive Slave Act.
d.
It persuaded many to join the abolitionist cause.
 

 9. 

Which was an aspect of the Fugitive Slave Act that horrified northerners?
a.
Many free African Americans were fleeing northern industries for Canada.
b.
Some free African Americans had been captured and sent to the South.
c.
Many fugitive slaves from the South were pouring into northern cities.
d.
Some abolitionists were using violence to get across a message of freedom.
 

 10. 

Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin is a/an
a.
novel.
b.
autobiography.
c.
journalistic account.
d.
political pamphlet.
 

 11. 

What did Harriet Beecher Stowe do to influence the debate over slavery?
a.
pushed for the start of the Civil War
b.
exposed the harsh reality of slave life
c.
accused the federal government of obeying the southern states
d.
attacked political figures who supported slavery in the South
 

 12. 

What helped inspire Harriet Beecher Stowe to write Uncle Tom’s Cabin?
a.
reading about the debates over the Compromise of 1850
b.
listening to the stories of fugitive slaves she met in Ohio
c.
witnessing slaveholder Simon Legree beat a slave to death
d.
meeting the abolitionist southern writer Louisa McCord
 

 13. 

Southern Democrats trusted Franklin Pierce to represent their party in the election of 1852 because he
a.
disagreed with the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
b.
believed that slavery should extend into the northern states.
c.
promised to enforce the Fugitive Slave Act.
d.
wanted to expand slavery to the western territories.
 

 14. 

Why did the Whigs pass over President Millard Fillmore when choosing their candidate for the election of 1852?
a.
His strict enforcement of fugitive slave laws would cost votes.
b.
He would not get very many northern votes.
c.
His strong support of the abolition movement would hurt the party.
d.
His performance was worthy of impeachment.
 

 15. 

Introduced in 1854, the Kansas-Nebraska Act
a.
maintained the balance of slave and free states in the Union.
b.
divided the Louisiana Purchase into two territories.
c.
let the federal government decide on slavery in the Louisiana Purchase.
d.
reinforced the restriction placed on slavery by the Missouri Compromise.
 

 16. 

The Kansas-Nebraska Act led to the
a.
prohibition of the practice of slavery in the territories.
b.
return of the slavery issue between the North and South.
c.
reinforcement of ideas introduced in the Missouri Compromise.
d.
declaration of the Fugitive Slave Act as unconstitutional.
 

 17. 

Which of these was a result of the Pottawatomie Massacre?
a.
Kansas’s citizens began a mass migration to northern states.
b.
Kansas collapsed into a civil war and many citizens were killed.
c.
Kansas’s government was no longer divided over the issue of slavery.
d.
Kansas was declared a free state by the federal government.
 

 18. 

Which of the following contributed to the Sack of Lawrence?
a.
The government began to question slaveholders’ rights.
b.
Representative Preston Brooks attacked Senator Charles Sumner in the Senate.
c.
The pro-slavery grand jury charged the antislavery government with treason.
d.
The antislavery government in Kansas declared slavery illegal in the state.
 

 19. 

On the night of May 24, 1856, five pro-slavery men were killed in Kansas. What is this event called?
a.
the Pottawatomie Massacre
b.
Brown’s Raid
c.
the Sack of Lawrence
d.
Shays’s Rebellion
 

 20. 

Democrats nominated James Buchanan to run in the 1856 presidential election because he was
a.
well-liked by abolitionists.
b.
Stephen Douglas’s Vice President.
c.
politically inexperienced, but stood for slavery.
d.
not involved in the Kansas-Nebraska debate.
 

 21. 

What changes occurred to political parties in the United States after the Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed?
a.
The Whig Party unified.
b.
The Republican Party formed.
c.
The Democratic Party lost the election.
d.
The Know-Nothing Party lost support.
 

 22. 

In 1854 the Republican Party rallied around the
a.
enforcement of the Fugitive Slave Act.
b.
spread of slavery in the West.
c.
idea of popular sovereignty in U.S. territories.
d.
support of the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
 

 23. 

Why were Republicans angered by the Dred Scott decision?
a.
The Supreme Court ruled that Congress did not have the power to ban slavery.
b.
The Supreme Court had shifted the balance of power to the states.
c.
Dred Scott had been denied due process of law.
d.
Slaves were declared the social and political equals of white citizens.
 

 24. 

Chief Justice Roger B. Taney argued in 1857 that Congress could not prohibit someone from taking slaves into a federal territory because
a.
slaves were not citizens of the United States.
b.
federal territories could not rule against slavery.
c.
slave trade was still allowed in every state.
d.
slaves were property, and property was defended by law.
 

 25. 

In the Lincoln-Douglas debates, Abraham Lincoln accused Democrats of wanting to
a.
overturn the Dred Scott decision.
b.
spread slavery in the West.
c.
reestablish slavery in the North.
d.
form their own separate nation.
 

 26. 

The purpose of the Lincoln-Douglas debates was for Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas to
a.
announce their candidacies for Senator of Illinois and gain the support of voters.
b.
spread the importance of the antislavery movement to the state of Illinois.
c.
gain supporters for the newly formed Republican Party in the United States.
d.
fight for the rights of African American slaves in the United States.
 

 27. 

What did the Freeport Doctrine, proposed by Stephen Douglas, state?
a.
Slaves should be given the same rights as white citizens.
b.
The decision to ban slavery in the territories was Congress’ responsibility.
c.
Slaves living in slave states should be given their freedom.
d.
The decision to practice slavery in the territories belonged to the people.
 

 28. 

What did southerners fear after John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry?
a.
The raid would increase southern support for the antislavery movement.
b.
The slaves in the South would take a cue from the raid and lead their own attack.
c.
The federal government would soon declare slavery illegal in the South.
d.
The safety of the South was in jeopardy, and another attack from the North might occur.
 

 29. 

What was Abraham Lincoln’s opinion of John Brown’s raid in Virginia?
a.
The antislavery movement should not be one of violence and bloodshed.
b.
Brown was justified in his methods of leading a violent attack in Virginia.
c.
The slaves in the South should have given stronger support to Brown’s raid.
d.
The attack in Virginia needed to be better organized to effect change.
 

 30. 

John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry do to affected life in the United States by
a.
resolving the issue of slavery in the territories of the United States.
b.
sparking a number of antislavery raids in the South.
c.
strengthening the pro-slavery movement in the United States.
d.
heightening the conflicts between slave and free states.
 

 31. 

What was the significance of the election of 1860?
a.
It brought to light the divisions that existed in the United States over slavery.
b.
It exposed the corruption of the electoral college in the election process.
c.
It showed that the South was losing its political power in the nation.
d.
It illustrated that a candidate did not have to carry a state to win.
 

 32. 

Which of the following statements best expresses the reason why the Democratic Party was not a strong force in the election of 1860?
a.
Many members of the Democratic Party decided to vote for a Republican candidate.
b.
The Democrats were a relatively new political party and had not yet gained enough support.
c.
Many southerners in the Democratic Party became abolitionists and supported other parties.
d.
The Democrats could not agree on a single candidate so their votes were divided between two candidates.
 

 33. 

Study the chart below and answer the question that follows.

The Election of 1860
 Electoral VotePopular Vote% of Pop. Vote
Lincoln1801,865,59339.8
Douglas121,382,71329.5
Breckinridge72848,53618.1
Bell39592,90612.6

Which of the following statements about the election of 1860 is true?
a.
Senator Douglas was the least popular candidate.
b.
John C. Breckenridge had the second most electoral votes and the second most popular votes.
c.
John Bell had the least popular votes and the least electoral votes.
d.
Abraham Lincoln won both the electoral and the popular votes.
 

 34. 

Which statement best expresses the reason why the southern states decided to secede from the Union after the election of 1860?
a.
The southern economy and way of life would be destroyed.
b.
Slaves would begin an uprising if the states did not secede.
c.
Seceding from the Union would end the possibility of war.
d.
Secession would end the conflicts between northern states over slavery.
 

 35. 

Newly elected President Lincoln affirmed that
a.
the constitution of the Confederacy was illegal.
b.
seceding states would be punished with force.
c.
citizens have the right to overthrow the government.
d.
the seceding states had to give back federal property.
 

Completion
Complete each statement.
 

 36. 

Proposed by Henry Clay, the __________________________ settled most of the disputes between slave and free states over the issue of admitting California to the Union. (Compromise of 1850/Wilmot Proviso)
 

 

 37. 

Many northerners opposed the ____________________ because it took away a slave’s right to a trial by jury. (Kansas-Nebraska Act/Fugitive Slave Act)
 

 

 38. 

_______________________ was the author of ___________________________, which was the novel that brought the injustices of slavery to the nation’s attention. (Harriet Beecher Stowe, Uncle Tom’s Cabin/Frederick Douglass, The North Star)
 

 

 39. 

_________________ led uprisings in both Kansas and Virginia to further the antislavery cause. (John Bell/John Brown)
 

 

 40. 

After the election of 1860, many southern states seceded from the Union to form the _______________________. (Confederacy/Constitutional Union Party)
 

 

True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
 

 41. 

The nonviolent rescue of Anthony Burns from a Boston jail in 1854 showed that abolitionists practiced peaceful resistance.
 

 42. 

The Kansas-Nebraska Act upheld the conditions for permitting slavery in the territories established by the Missouri Compromise.
 

 43. 

Abolitionist representative Charles Sumner was beaten unconscious with a walking cane by Senator Preston Brooks in the Senate chambers.
 

 44. 

In the Dred Scott decision, the Court declared that the restrictions placed on slavery by the Missouri Compromise were unconstitutional.
 

 45. 

During the Lincoln-Douglas debates Abraham Lincoln clearly stated that he believed African Americans to be the social and political equals of whites.
 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
secession
b.
Freeport Doctrine
c.
Stephen Douglas
d.
Wilmot Proviso
e.
Jefferson Davis
f.
Fugitive Slave Act
g.
John Brown’s raid
h.
Free-Soil Party
i.
Franklin Pierce
j.
Pottawatomie Massacre
 

 46. 

Mississippi native elected president of the Confederacy
 

 47. 

violent response by abolitionists to the Sack of Lawrence
 

 48. 

rebellion staged by a group of abolitionists at Harpers Ferry, Virginia
 

 49. 

document that stated that slavery could not exist in any part of the Mexican Cession
 

 50. 

U.S. senator from Illinois who proposed the Kansas-Nebraska Act
 

 51. 

act of formally withdrawing from the Union
 

 52. 

idea that political powr belongs to the people
 

 53. 

political group formed by antislavery northerners who supported the Wilmot Proviso
 

 54. 

Democratic candidate in the election of 1852 who promised to honor the Compromise of 1850
 

 55. 

law that made it a crime to assist runaway slaves
 



 
Check Your Work     Start Over