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Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

After the War of 1812, the Rush-Bagot Agreement between the United States and British Canada was signed to
a.
limit naval power on the Great Lakes.
b.
tax the fur trade in Missouri Territory.
c.
establish fishing rights off the Labrador Coast.
d.
draw the borders between the United States and Canada.
 

 2. 

Why did both British Canada and the United States want control over Oregon Country?
a.
They wanted to gain access to the Pacific Ocean.
b.
They were interested in the region’s valuable fur trade.
c.
They were interested in the region’s fertile lands and good climate.
d.
They wanted to patrol the section of Canada’s border that ran through the region.
 

 3. 

The Convention of 1818 affected the boundaries of the United States by
a.
establishing a border between the United States and Canada extending to the Rocky Mountains.
b.
giving the United States control of the natural resources and waterways of Oregon Country.
c.
expanding the boundaries of the United States further west by opening up Texas.
d.
granting Florida to the United States, along with full control of the Atlantic Coast.
 

 4. 

What settlement did the United States and Spain reach in the Adams-Onís Treaty?
a.
The United States would receive the Missouri Territory from Spain in return for parts of the Oregon Country.
b.
The United States would receive control of East Florida from Spain in return for U.S. claims to what is now Texas.
c.
Spain would make Texas an independent territory.
d.
Spain would pay $5 million to the United States.
 

 5. 

What finally convinced Spanish leaders to settle disputes with the United States over Florida in 1819?
a.
the growing number of runaway slaves in Florida
b.
the rise of the Seminole Indians in Florida
c.
General Jackson’s presence in Florida
d.
President Monroe’s influence in Florida
 

 6. 

What caused conflicts in the early 1800s between the United States and the Seminole Indian tribe of Florida?
a.
The tribe refused to leave Florida and attacked U.S. military posts.
b.
The tribe had refused to support U.S. efforts in the War of 1812.
c.
The tribe aided Spain in its conquest of Florida.
d.
The tribe raided U.S. settlements and aided runaway slaves.
 

 7. 

President Monroe was concerned when Mexico became independent from Spain in 1821 because he thought that
a.
European powers might have backed the revolution.
b.
Mexico would permanently close its borders to the United States.
c.
Mexico would now try to overtake some U.S. territories.
d.
European powers might try to colonize new Latin American countries.
 

 8. 

The Monroe Doctrine affected U.S. relations with Europe by
a.
allowing European nations to continue to colonize U.S. territories with the permission of the United States.
b.
giving the United States permission to take over any territories previously occupied by a European nation.
c.
preventing the United States from interfering with any future conflicts or wars between European nations.
d.
eliminating U.S. control of territories that had previously been owned by European nations.
 

 9. 

The Monroe Doctrine affected the United States’ relationship with Latin America by
a.
placing Latin American nations within the United States’ sphere of influence.
b.
causing anger among Latin American revolutionary leaders who felt the United States was abusing its power.
c.
creating a strong bond between the two regions because each became interested in the other’s security.
d.
making Latin American countries financially dependent on the United States.
 

 10. 

Why did American leaders support Latin American struggles for independence from Spain in the early 1820s?
a.
Latin America nations had supported the United States during the American Revolution.
b.
The struggles of Latin American nations reminded U.S. leaders of their country’s fight for independence.
c.
The United States hoped to colonize Spain.
d.
Spain was acting against the Monroe Doctrine.
 

 11. 

Study the quotation below and answer the question that follows.

“We should consider any attempt on their part to extend their system to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous to our peace and safety.”

These words by President Monroe
a.
told Americans and the world what the United States would view as a threat.
b.
rallied Americans in support of Mexico’s struggle for independence.
c.
punished European nations for their efforts to suppress individual rights.
d.
bullied Europeans into refusing to give aid to nations in the western hemisphere.
 

 12. 

To finance the building of new roads and canals U.S. Representative Henry Clay proposed a
a.
tariff on foreign goods.
b.
reliance on foreign support.
c.
single currency system.
d.
federal reserve system.
 

 13. 

The primary goal of Henry Clay’s American System was to
a.
prevent foreign wars from affecting the United States.
b.
industrialize the smaller towns in the United States.
c.
create a sense of nationalism in the United States.
d.
make the United States economically independent.
 

 14. 

Why were some members of Congress against using federal funds to build roads, canals, and railroads in the United States?
a.
They felt that the U.S. transportation system did not need improvement.
b.
They felt that the United States could not afford to make the improvements.
c.
They believed that funding such improvements was unconstitutional.
d.
They believed that funding such improvements would create regional conflicts.
 

 15. 

What was the Supreme Court’s decision in the 1824 case of Gibbons v. Ogden?
a.
States cannot interfere with the power of Congress to regulate interstate commerce.
b.
The Constitution gives Congress the implied power to create a national bank.
c.
States can regulate commerce on man-made canals and roads, but not on natural waterways.
d.
The Constitution gives Congress sole power over the nation’s money supply.
 

 16. 

The decisions in the cases of McCulloch v. Maryland and Gibbons v. Ogden strengthened the feeling of national unity in the United States by
a.
reinforcing the power of the federal government.
b.
regulating interstate commerce.
c.
strengthening pride in state governments.
d.
permitting all Americans to use the same currency.
 

 17. 

The Cumberland Road was the first U.S. road
a.
built by the federal government.
b.
that reached from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
c.
built using bulldozers and steamrollers.
d.
that was limited to commercial use.
 

 18. 

Study the map below and answer the question that follows.

mc018-1.jpg

Which part of the United States did not allow slavery in 1820?
a.
southeast
b.
southwest
c.
northeast
d.
northwest
 

 19. 

Which of the following was a consequence of the Missouri Compromise?
a.
Missouri entered the Union as an independent territory.
b.
The practice of slavery was pronounced unconstitutional.
c.
Free states won a majority in the House of Representatives.
d.
An equal balance between free and slave states was maintained.
 

 20. 

During the 1820s, sectionalism grew in the United States. Sectionalism is when
a.
citizens develop increased feelings of pride and devotion to their nation.
b.
politicians disagree over the interests of different regions.
c.
the federal government places a group on a reservation to prevent conflict.
d.
a state breaks off from a nation and declares its independence.
 

 21. 

What was Henry Clay’s role in the Missouri Compromise?
a.
He tried to persuade members of Congress to veto it.
b.
He did not agree with the conditions of the original compromise and revised it.
c.
He refused to participate in the compromise and challenged its merit.
d.
He convinced Congress to accept the compromise.
 

 22. 

How did the Missouri Compromise contribute to the eventual abolition of slavery?
a.
It banned the use of slaves in all federal government facilities.
b.
It gave representatives of free states a permanent advantage in Congress.
c.
It prohibited slavery in states and territories north of Missouri’s southern border.
d.
It allowed abolitionists to distribute propaganda in the Missouri legislature.
 

 23. 

Which statement about the election of 1824 is true?
a.
Most people did not think a military leader could be a good political leader.
b.
The winner of the popular vote did not have enough electoral votes to win the election.
c.
The legislature appealed to the Supreme Court to decide the election.
d.
Many people based their votes on their opinions about slavery.
 

 24. 

The winner in the presidential election of 1824 was chosen by the
a.
majority of voters.
b.
electoral college.
c.
Supreme Court.
d.
House of Representatives.
 

 25. 

Why did the presidential election of 1824 cause controversy?
a.
The president was chosen by the Senate.
b.
President Adams was soon convicted for corruption.
c.
John Adams was accused of making a corrupt bargain with Henry Clay.
d.
Secretary of State Clay had made secret agreements with Andrew Jackson.
 

 26. 

What literary style did writer Washington Irving make popular in the United States in the early 19th century?
a.
epic poetry
b.
historical fiction
c.
autobiography
d.
satire
 

 27. 

Why are the works of James Fenimore Cooper so significant to American literary history?
a.
He created works that inspired people to expand westward in the United States.
b.
He created works that connected European traditions and new American traditions.
c.
He popularized satire, a humorous style of writing that aims to instruct and educate its readers.
d.
He popularized historical fiction, a type of writing that places fictional characters in actual historical settings.
 

 28. 

Washington Irving’s “Rip Van Winkle” is an example of which message in his work?
a.
Life should be lived in the moment.
b.
Learn from the past and be cautious about what the future holds.
c.
The future is brighter than the present.
d.
Fate decides the future and any attempts to change it are in vain.
 

 29. 

The writings of Washington Irving and James Fenimore Cooper inspired painters in the United States to
a.
show the history and natural beauty of America in their work.
b.
include traditional European styles in their work.
c.
focus on portraits of ordinary Americans.
d.
choose subjects that challenged American ideals.
 

 30. 

The Hudson River school was
a.
school for writers located near the Hudson River valley.
b.
group of artists whose paintings reflected national pride and an appreciation for the American landscape.
c.
school for portrait painters located in the Hudson River valley.
d.
group of poets inspired by the beauty of the Hudson River valley.
 

 31. 

Hudson River school paintings reflected
a.
discord in America, illustrated by the shift to abstract painting
b.
feeling of national pride in America and an appreciation of landscapes
c.
change of focus in American painting from landscapes to portraits
d.
division in American culture produced by the War of 1812
 

 32. 

How did the subjects of American paintings of the 1840s differ from those of the 1830s?
a.
They focused on the landscapes alone.
b.
They focused on combining landscapes with scenes from daily life.
c.
They focused on portraiture.
d.
They focused on recreating scenes from the American Revolution.
 

 33. 

Which of the following statements explains Thomas Cole’s contribution to early American art?
a.
He gained fame as a portrait painter and introduced new styles and techniques to American artists.
b.
He inspired artists to forget about following rules and to create works that expressed America’s originality.
c.
He recognized the democratic spirit of the people of America and encouraged artists to focus on everyday life.
d.
He encouraged artists to appreciate the unique qualities of the American landscape and to show the beauty of nature.
 

 34. 

What new images were represented in George Caleb Bingham’s paintings in the 1840s?
a.
European elements in American culture
b.
the growth of American cities
c.
the difficult lives of traders
d.
nocturnal landscapes
 

 35. 

In the early 1800s, American music focused on
a.
religion and national pride.
b.
the beauty of everyday life.
c.
political leaders and democratic values.
d.
satire and folk tales.
 

 36. 

The popular American folk song “Hunters of Kentucky,” about the Battle of New Orleans, expressed the 1800s’ spirit of
a.
nationalism.
b.
sectionalism.
c.
religious revivalism.
d.
frontier adventurism.
 

 37. 

What are spirituals?
a.
nationalistic anthems
b.
folk hymns
c.
medieval church songs
d.
Native American prayers
 

 38. 

Why did Americans decide to model much of their architecture after the architecture of ancient Greece and Rome?
a.
These civilizations created buildings that were very cheap and easy for Americans to reproduce.
b.
These civilizations were founded on the same religious beliefs as the new American nation.
c.
These civilizations created simple buildings that were a reflection of the “common man” in America.
d.
These civilizations were based on some of the same political ideals as the new American nation.
 

 39. 

In the early 1800s, how were the new American culture’s views on education reflected by education reforms?
a.
The new American culture held the belief that education was mainly for the wealthy, so many boarding schools were founded.
b.
The new American culture was a democracy that needed educated and informed citizens to survive, so public schools were supported.
c.
The new American culture was interested in training people to enter the workforce, so value was placed on learning a trade.
d.
The new American culture held the belief that people should be educated regardless of sex, so co-educational schools were founded.
 

 40. 

Which issue caused disagreement among educators in the 1830s?
a.
coeducation
b.
funding
c.
integration
d.
school prayer
 

Completion
Complete each statement.
 

 41. 

The ___________________________ was an official statement released by the president in 1822 that warned European powers not to interfere with the Americas. (Missouri Compromise/Monroe Doctrine)
 

 

 42. 

_________________ was the president who strengthened ties between the United States and Latin America and led the country during its period of growing nationalism. (James Monroe/John Quincy Adams)
 

 

 43. 

The first road built by the United States government was known as the ____________________________. (Cumberland Road/Chicago Turnpike)
 

 

 44. 

The Missouri Compromise determined that Missouri would enter the Union as a ______________ state. (slave/free)
 

 

 45. 

_________________ was the American writer whose satirical writings warned Americans to learn from the past and be cautious about the future. (James Fenimore Cooper/Washington Irving)
 

 

True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
 

 46. 

General Andrew Jackson’s presence in Florida convinced Spanish leaders to settle disputes over territory with the United States.
 

 47. 

In the years following the American Revolution, American music began to focus on everyday life.
 

 48. 

Following the American Revolution, Americans began to model architecture in the United States after the styles used in ancient Greece and Rome.
 

Short Answer
 

 49. 

Why did both the United States and Great Britain want to occupy the Pacific Northwest?
 

 50. 

Which American leader developed a plan known as the American System?
 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Adams-Onís Treaty
b.
George Caleb Bingham
c.
Simon Bolívar
d.
Henry Clay
e.
Thomas Cole
f.
Convention of 1818
g.
James Fenimore Cooper
h.
Washington Irving
i.
Missouri Compromise
j.
Monroe Doctrine
k.
nationalism
l.
sectionalism
 

 51. 

treaty between Britain and the United States that allowed both countries to occupy the Pacific Northwest together
 

 52. 

American writer whose work combined European influences with American settings and characters
 

 53. 

agreement made in 1820 that attempted to settle conflicts over the extension of slavery into new territories
 

 54. 

American writer known for writing stories about the West and popularizing the historical fiction genre
 

 55. 

feeling of loyalty and pride to a nation
 

 56. 

founder of the Hudson River school
 

 57. 

treaty that settled border disputes between Spain and the United States
 

 58. 

U.S. Representative who hoped that internal improvements to the country would build national unity
 

 59. 

leader of the Latin American struggles for independence
 

 60. 

putting the interests of a region over the interests of the nation
 



 
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