Name: 
 

NHPT8



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

One way in which Thomas Jefferson’s supporters criticized Federalist candidate John Adams in the election of 1800 was by
a.
accusing Adams of wanting to ban organized religion.
b.
charging Adams with making a secret alliance with France.
c.
claiming Adams would give too much power to the individual states.
d.
hinting Adams would use the new permanent army to limit citizens’ rights.
 

 2. 

A voter in 1800 might have cast his ballot against the Democratic-Republicans for which of the following reasons?
a.
The Democratic-Republican candidate was a pro-British radical.
b.
The Federalist candidate was more likely to support agriculture.
c.
The Democratic-Republican candidate was a threat to organized religion.
d.
The Federalist candidate was a more influential speaker.
 

 3. 

Which Federalist policy did President Jefferson keep when he took office in 1801?
a.
domestic tax on whiskey
b.
Alien and Sedition Acts
c.
development of military forces
d.
creation of the Bank of the United States
 

 4. 

Which of the following was a major theme of Thomas Jefferson’s inaugural address?
a.
protecting civil liberties
b.
expanding the powers of government
c.
improving the capital’s infrastructure
d.
repaying the national debt
 

 5. 

Thomas Jefferson lowered spending in order to repay the national debt. This policy arguably weakened the United States’ position in relation to the British because it
a.
abolished domestic taxes.
b.
eliminated the national bank.
c.
reduced the size of the active navy.
d.
limited the federal government to several hundred people.
 

 6. 

What is judicial review?
a.
the power of Congress to oversee decisions made by the Supreme Court
b.
the power of Congress to review the appointment of Supreme Court justices
c.
the power of the judiciary to declare an act of Congress unconstitutional
d.
the power of the judiciary to monitor the conduct of presidential elections
 

 7. 

Which of the following statements reflects the significance of Marbury v. Madison?
a.
It described the specific types of cases that could be brought before the Supreme Court.
b.
It established the Supreme Court’s power to check the other branches of government.
c.
It limited the Supreme Court’s effectiveness by requiring it to hear every case brought before it.
d.
It weakened the Supreme Court in relation to the White House and Congress.
 

 8. 

Who was John Marshall?
a.
Democratic-Republican justice who invalidated James Madison’s appointment of “midnight justices”
b.
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court who wrote the opinion in Marbury v. Madison and was appointed by John Adams
c.
Secretary of State under Thomas Jefferson who refused to deliver appointment papers to William Marbury.
d.
attorney who wrongly argued that the Court had the power to make Madison hand over Marbury’s appointment papers
 

 9. 

Why was Spain eager to trade the Louisiana territory and New Orleans to France?
a.
Spain needed to focus on South American ports.
b.
It was impossible to keep Americans out of the area.
c.
American farmers were protesting against Spanish shipping policies.
d.
Native Americans in the territory had attacked Spanish settlements.
 

 10. 

Which of the following territories belonged to Spain until 1802?
a.
Indiana
b.
Mississippi
c.
Louisiana
d.
Michigan
 

 11. 

Napoléon Bonaparte decided to sell the Louisiana Territory to the United States because he
a.
wanted U.S. support for a war against Spain.
b.
thought the land would be set aside for Native Americans.
c.
needed to reinforce the French military in the war against the British.
d.
wished to build a new empire in North America.
 

 12. 

In a sense Lewis and Clark failed in their expedition in that they did not
a.
collect adequate information about western plants and animals.
b.
survey the Louisiana Purchase.
c.
travel over the Cascade Range on horseback.
d.
find a river route across the West to the Pacific Ocean.
 

 13. 

The Lewis and Clark expedition was undertaken in order to explore the Louisiana Purchase, to learn about the plants and animals of the West, and to
a.
provide Americans with their first accounts of the Northwest.
b.
establish the Corps of Discovery.
c.
form alliances with American Indian tribes.
d.
attempt to find a river route to the Pacific Ocean.
 

 14. 

Study the map below and answer the question that follows.

mc014-1.jpg

What does the bold, dashed line on the map show?
a.
Lewis and Clark’s expedition
b.
Zebulon Pike’s expedition
c.
Mississippi Territory
d.
Indiana Territory
 

 15. 

As the result of which activity did the United States find itself involved in the war between Britain and France that erupted in 1803?
a.
patrolling the English Channel with war ships
b.
shipping goods and war supplies to both countries
c.
negotiating the Louisiana Purchase
d.
protecting escaped British sailors from impressment
 

 16. 

The Embargo Act failed because
a.
the Non-Intercourse Act limited its scope.
b.
the Federalist party rallied against it.
c.
it caused American merchants to lose money and had little effect on Britain and France.
d.
Spain replaced the loss of U.S. trade with increased trade in South America.
 

 17. 

Of the following, which was an effect of the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811?
a.
Tecumseh lost faith in a great Indian confederation.
b.
The British began to support the Native American rebels.
c.
Tecumseh was forced to sign the Treaty of Greenville.
d.
The United States began to pay more for Native American land.
 

 18. 

U.S. officials were worried by Tecumseh’s actions because they feared he
a.
wanted to break the Treaty of Greenville.
b.
might have created an Indian confederation.
c.
was backed by the British.
d.
could have turned the Americans against the government.
 

 19. 

Britain decided to support Native Americans against the United States mainly to
a.
protect Native American culture
b.
reduce westward expansion in the United States
c.
boycott trade with the United States
d.
control U.S. activities from within the country
 

 20. 

Young members of Congress that called for a trade war against Britain were called
a.
Battle Axes.
b.
Warlords.
c.
War Hawks.
d.
Red Coats.
 

 21. 

War Hawks called for war against Britain because Britain
a.
was threatening to occupy Canada.
b.
had stopped trading with the United States.
c.
had backed Native American rebellions.
d.
wanted to regain control of the United States.
 

 22. 

Who served as president of the United States during the War of 1812?
a.
George Washington
b.
John Adams
c.
Thomas Jefferson
d.
James Madison
 

 23. 

The Treaty of Fort Jackson did which of the following?
a.
forced the Creek Indians to give up millions of acres of land
b.
protected settlers from attacks by Native Americans in the Northwest Territories
c.
gave the United States control of American Indian lands along the Tallapoosa River
d.
forced Tecumseh to give up his plan to unite American Indian nations
 

 24. 

The Battle of the Thames River was significant for
a.
ending British power in the Northwest.
b.
forcing the British to withdraw from Lake Erie.
c.
leading the way for an American invasion of Canada.
d.
inspiring the writing of “The Star-Spangled Banner.”
 

 25. 

Which of the following factors accounts for why the U.S. navy defeated the British in the War of 1812?
a.
size of the fleets
b.
positioning of ships
c.
quality of equipment
d.
level of experience
 

 26. 

How did Britain’s military forces gain strength in April of 1814?
a.
The Queen ended an expedition to South Africa and ordered the ships to the U.S. coast.
b.
Britain defeated France and sent more troops to America.
c.
France released British war prisoners who were soon added to the military ranks.
d.
There was a major decline in the number of American volunteers.
 

 27. 

The first thing the British did after their ranks were reinforced in April of 1814 was attack the city of
a.
New Orleans.
b.
Baltimore.
c.
Washington, D.C.
d.
New York.
 

 28. 

Why was the victory in the Battle of New Orleans important for the United States?
a.
It ended the attacks from Native Americans.
b.
It prevented the British from taking control of the Mississippi River.
c.
It was the last major sea battle against Britain.
d.
It was the first major victory against Britain in the War of 1812.
 

 29. 

Which of the following statements about the War of 1812 is true?
a.
It worsened the conflict between the North and the South.
b.
It intensified American Indian resistance to Americans.
c.
It strongly damaged American manufacturing.
d.
It strengthened patriotism among Americans.
 

 30. 

What did the Treaty of Ghent accomplish?
a.
It ended the War of 1812.
b.
It ended the Creek War.
c.
It banned tariffs on imports from Britain.
d.
It withdrew the unpopular Embargo Acts.
 

Completion
Complete each statement.
 

 31. 

The Lewis and Clark expedition was undertaken in order to explore _______________________. (the Louisiana Purchase/New Spain)
 

 

 32. 

In 1810, the governor of Indiana Territory urged ___________________ to follow the Treaty of Greenville, which had been signed in 1795. (Tecumseh/ the Prophet)
 

 

 33. 

Young members of Congress that called for a trade war against Britain were called ________________. (War Hawks/Warlords)
 

 

 34. 

After winning the Battle of ______________________, General Harrison marched the U.S. army into Canada. (Lake Superior/Lake Erie)
 

 

True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
 

 35. 

A voter in 1800 might have cast his ballot against the Democratic-Republicans because their candidate was possibly against organized religion.
 

 36. 

According to Thomas Jefferson, a primary task of the federal government was delivery of the mail.
 

 37. 

Thomas Jefferson lowered spending in order to repay the national debt. This policy possibly weakened the United States’ position in relation to the British because it reduced the navy to just a few active ships.
 

 38. 

Spain decided to sell Louisiana to France because constant rebellions by American settlers were damaging trading activity.
 

 39. 

Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry led the U.S. defeat of the British at the Battle of Lake Erie.
 

Short Answer
 

 40. 

How did Spain damage the United States when it sold Louisiana to France?
 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Battle of the Thames River
b.
Battle of New Orleans
c.
Battle of Lake Erie
d.
Embargo Act
e.
Andrew Jackson
f.
Merriwether Lewis
g.
Oliver Hazard Perry
h.
Zebulon Pike
i.
Sacagawea
j.
Tecumseh
k.
Treaty of Fort Jackson
l.
Treaty of Ghent
 

 41. 

led the way for an American invasion of Canada
 

 42. 

broke the British alliance with Native Americans in the Northwest
 

 43. 

ended the War of 1812
 

 44. 

the last major conflict of the War of 1812
 

 45. 

Shawnee Indian leader who worked to unite Indian tribes against U.S. expansion
 

 46. 

led a naval fleet to victory against the British at the Battle of Lake Erie
 

 47. 

ended the Creek War and forced the Creek Indians to give up millions of acres of land
 

 48. 

commanded U.S. forces in the Battle of New Orleans
 

 49. 

Shoshone Indian who assisted the Lewis and Clark expedition
 

 50. 

army officer who helped outline the Louisiana Territory’s western border with New Spain
 



 
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