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NHPT4



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

The goal of the First Continental Congress was to
a.
draft a declaration of independence from the British crown.
b.
establish a colonial government to rival the king.
c.
develop a plan for undermining the decisions of the king.
d.
state the concerns of colonists to the king.
 

 2. 

Patrick Henry’s intention in saying, “I am not a Virginian, I am an American” was to
a.
urge colonists to join forces.
b.
express his anger at the South.
c.
defend his resistance to violence.
d.
ask colonists to abolish slavery.
 

 3. 

What delegate from Virginia encouraged colonists to fight for independence from Britain in support of the Patriot cause?
a.
Patrick Henry
b.
George Washington
c.
Thomas Jefferson
d.
Paul Revere
 

 4. 

As a result of the First Continental Congress,
a.
the Declaration of Independence was drafted.
b.
the Declaration of Rights was drafted.
c.
colonists agreed to comply with the majority of British rules.
d.
King George agreed to comply with the majority of the colonists’ demands.
 

 5. 

What was the main issue debated during the Second Continental Congress?
a.
whether to seek a peaceful or violent solution
b.
how to plan a surprise attack against Britain
c.
how to convert more colonists to the Patriot cause
d.
whether foreign allies would be beneficial
 

 6. 

Among the list of 10 resolutions included in the Declaration of Rights, one was to
a.
assure the colonists that “Britain sought a peaceful resolution.”
b.
ensure the colonists’ right to “life, liberty, and property.”
c.
convince the colonists that they were “not ready to challenge Britain.”
d.
remind the colonists that they were British citizens “entitled to rights.”
 

 7. 

Which battle is considered the first battle of the Revolutionary War?
a.
Battle of Lexington
b.
Battle of Concord
c.
Battle of Boston
d.
Battle of Breed’s Hill
 

 8. 

At dawn on April 19, 1775, British soldiers searched for a major colonial weapons storehouse rumored to be located in
a.
Boston.
b.
Bunker Hill.
c.
Lexington.
d.
Concord.
 

 9. 

When the Minutemen faced the British Redcoats at the start of the Battle of Lexington, their captain yelled, “Don’t fire unless fired upon” because he wanted to
a.
hear the “shot heard ‘round the world.”
b.
defend against attack, not start a war.
c.
reserve ammunition for future conflicts.
d.
lure his enemies peaceably back to Boston.
 

 10. 

How would the opinions of delegates to the Second Continental Congress be best characterized?
a.
Delegates were always in agreement and the meeting was unnecessary.
b.
Delegates were somewhat divided on minor details of their plan.
c.
Delegates were far from unified but were open to compromise.
d.
Delegates were completely at odds and failed to come to a consensus.
 

 11. 

Delegates to the Second Continental Congress decide to handle the British by
a.
creating the Continental Army.
b.
paying George Washington.
c.
minting a new currency.
d.
gathering foreign allies.
 

 12. 

As George Washington prepared to lead the colonists against the British, Congress
a.
attempted to make peace with King George III.
b.
prepared the troops for a fierce battle.
c.
invested in a dozen new cannons.
d.
released 250 British war prisoners.
 

 13. 

Thomas Paine’s pamphlet Common Sense led many colonial leaders to
a.
reject Enlightenment ideas.
b.
challenge British authority.
c.
understand the good sense of monarchy.
d.
agree to bound by British laws.
 

 14. 

In Common Sense Thomas Paine argued that laws should be made by
a.
kings and queens.
b.
citizens.
c.
church leaders.
d.
male landowners.
 

 15. 

What inspired many colonists to support independence from Britain?
a.
Paul Revere’s ride
b.
Thomas Paine’s Common Sense
c.
Washington’s strong command of the Continental Army
d.
the Battle of Bunker Hill
 

 16. 

Who was the main author of the Declaration of Independence?
a.
Benjamin Franklin
b.
Thomas Jefferson
c.
John Adams
d.
George Washington
 

 17. 

The idea that the colonies had the right to break away from Britain was based on the Enlightenment idea of the
a.
Mayflower Compact.
b.
rights of royal subjects.
c.
social contract.
d.
contract of the governed.
 

 18. 

Colonists who chose to side with the British were known as
a.
Redcoats.
b.
Patriots.
c.
Loyalists.
d.
Whigs.
 

 19. 

At the same time the Declaration of Independence was written a committee created a seal for the new country with the motto, “E pluribus unum” which means
a.
“out of many, one”
b.
“life and liberty”
c.
“justice for all”
d.
“united as one”
 

 20. 

Why was the idea of taxation without representation so important to the revolutionary cause?
a.
Colonists believed King George III had violated their rights by taxing them without their consent.
b.
Great Britain would have ended taxation if colonists had kept the peace.
c.
Colonists believed that Great Britain should only tax certain items.
d.
Great Britain only taxed the colonists to force them into war.
 

 21. 

The Declaration of Independence raised questions about slavery because the document
a.
stated that colonial leaders did not believe slavery should be legal.
b.
ensured that slaves would have to fight in the Revolution.
c.
proposed passing laws that would grant rights to slaves.
d.
conveyed a message that was not consistent with the practice of slavery.
 

 22. 

Which of the following did not happen in reaction to the signing of the Declaration of Independence?
a.
More than 50,000 Loyalists fled the colonies as a result of clashes with Patriots.
b.
One of George Washington’s closest friends fled to Britain because he was a Loyalist.
c.
Debates arose over the conflict between the ideals of liberty and the practice of slavery.
d.
Women rallied against being excluded by the claim that “all men are created equal.”
 

 23. 

Among colonists, which group made the greatest contribution to the war effort?
a.
soldiers
b.
mercenaries
c.
spies
d.
militia men
 

 24. 

Which of these groups was most divided in its support of the Patriot war effort?
a.
African Americans
b.
wealthy farmers
c.
American Indians
d.
women
 

 25. 

Why did thousands of African American slaves sign on with the British Army?
a.
George Washington would not pay them for service to the revolutionary army.
b.
The British offered freedom to any slave who served in their army.
c.
British forces were better trained and equipped than American forces.
d.
British forces pledged to put an end to the institution of slavery in America.
 

 26. 

Why was winning the Battle of Trenton so important to George Washington and the Continental Army?
a.
The contracts many of his soldiers were fighting under were due to expire, and he feared many of them would not reenlist in a losing army.
b.
The supply of cash Congress had given him was running low, and mercenaries from the German state of Hesse were threatening to flee.
c.
He had retreated across the Delaware into Pennsylvania, and if he did not come through with a victory his political career would be over.
d.
He had chosen a defensive approach to war, and the fact that he had suffered severe losses as a result made him look like a poor leader.
 

 27. 

The Battle of Trenton was different from previous battles because the Patriots
a.
emerged victorious.
b.
went on the offensive.
c.
took prisoners.
d.
fought at night.
 

 28. 

Why was the Battle of Saratoga a turning point for the Patriots?
a.
The Patriots gained the support of France and Spain.
b.
The Patriots saved the army from losing enlisted men.
c.
The Patriots got a Prussian to train the Continental Army.
d.
The Patriots realized they did not need foreign allies.
 

 29. 

What is the likely reason that Spain became an ally to the Patriots?
a.
Spain wanted to gain control of the colonies.
b.
It appeared that the Patriots were losing the war.
c.
Spain wished to regain Florida from Britain.
d.
No other foreign nation believed in the Patriot cause.
 

 30. 

The Marquis de Lafayette was interested in the American Revolution because he
a.
wanted to turn other nations away from Enlightenment ideas.
b.
was interested in obtaining land west of the thirteen colonies.
c.
believed in the ideas that inspired the Revolution.
d.
had been hired by the Patriots to fight as a mercenary.
 

 31. 

Bernardo de Gálvez was a
a.
Patriot ally who organized troops to attack British posts in the Southeast.
b.
Patriot foe who helped increase the British presence in Spanish Louisiana.
c.
Spanish nobleman who was inspired by the ideas of the American Revolution.
d.
Spanish defector who served in the British Army and was wounded in battle.
 

 32. 

How was France’s interest in the Revolution fiancially important?
a.
The French wanted to repurchase land they had lost in the French and Indian War.
b.
The French provided monetary aid once they believed the Patriots could win.
c.
France would not allow its military to serve without pay.
d.
France introduced its economic system to the colonists.
 

 33. 

The winter at Valley Forge was a difficult time for the Continental Army because the army
a.
lacked protection and supplies.
b.
began to turn against the Revolution.
c.
had just lost several important battles.
d.
refused to drill and train.
 

 34. 

The Patriots faced difficulties fighting the war at sea because their
a.
naval fleet was to small to fight large battles against the British.
b.
sailors were malnourished and many were sick.
c.
naval fleet was old and in disrepair.
d.
sailors were brave but had difficulty following orders.
 

 35. 

What set backs did the Patriots face in the West?
a.
They had never explored the area and did not know the lay of the land.
b.
They had not managed to win over many Native American allies.
c.
They had difficulty following the orders of an inexperienced leader.
d.
They had trouble persuading Indian leaders to remain neutral.
 

 36. 

Who was nicknamed “the Swamp Fox,” and why?
a.
John Paul Jones, because his wiliness in capturing the British warship Serapis reminded his crew of a fox
b.
George Rogers Clark, because he led wet troops through the Wabash River to victory at the Battle of Vincennes
c.
George Washington, because his red hair shone like a fox’s coat as he led his men across the Delaware River
d.
Francis Marion, because of his stealth and lightning speed in carrying out guerrilla warfare in the South
 

 37. 

What event led to the Patriots’ defeat of the British at Yorktown?
a.
George Washington combined his troops with those of the French general, Comte de Rochambeau.
b.
Charles Cornwallis prepared to attack a small Patriot force led by the Marquis de Lafayette.
c.
Charles Cornwallis moved his troops in hopes of maintaining communication with the British Navy.
d.
A French naval fleet approaching from the West Indies seized control of the Chesapeake Bay.
 

 38. 

Which of these explanations does not account for why the British set their sights on the South?
a.
Fighters in the northern colonies were giving the British unexpected difficulty.
b.
Georgia, the Carolinas, and Virginia had large populations of pro-British Loyalists.
c.
They could use brutal tactics because it would take longer for news to reach the capital.
d.
Slaves could be turned against the colonists with guns and a promise of freedom.
 

 39. 

Which of these was not a result of the Treaty of Paris of 1783?
a.
America’s borders were set.
b.
The war was officially over.
c.
Great Britain recognized the independence of the United States.
d.
Land west of the thirteen colonies was given to France.
 

 40. 

The Battle of Yorktown
a.
convinced colonists to comply with British rule.
b.
allowed the French to gain colonial territory.
c.
showed the British that they could defeat the Patriots.
d.
was the last major battle of the American Revolution.
 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
George Rogers Clark
b.
Thomas Paine
c.
Bernardo de Gálvez
d.
John Paul Jones
e.
Loyalists
f.
Francis Marion
g.
Comte de Rochambeau
h.
Sons of Liberty
i.
minutemen
j.
Marquis de Lafayette
 

 41. 

group of patriots who protested British laws
 

 42. 

thought citizens should make laws and people had a natural right to govern themselves
 

 43. 

group that felt the colonies did not need independence
 

 44. 

Patriot ally who organized a small army and seized British posts in the Southeast
 

 45. 

Frenchman who contributed $200,000 of his own money to the support the Revolution
 

 46. 

commander of French troops during the Battle at Yorktown
 

 47. 

members of the civilian volunteer militia that protected the colonies
 

 48. 

led troops to victory at the Battle of Vincennes, helping to contain the British in the West
 

 49. 

sailor famous for saying, “I have not yet begun to fight!”
 

 50. 

carried out guerrilla warfare in the South, earning himself the nickname “the Swamp Fox”
 



 
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