Name: 
 

NHPT3



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Why did the population of Jamestown plummet between 1609 and the spring of 1610?
a.
The Algonquian Indians attacked and burned down much of the colony.
b.
The London Company closed the settlement because it wasn’t making a profit.
c.
A combination of famine, disease, and a harsh winter killed many in the colony.
d.
Infertile soil caused many settlers to seek better farmland in the middle colonies.
 

 2. 

The Powhatan were significant because they
a.
brought food to help the colonists and taught them how to grow corn.
b.
took control of John Smith’s colony.
c.
taught colonists how to grow tobacco.
d.
helped prevent the spread of disease.
 

 3. 

What brought the Powhatan Confederacy to an end?
a.
A Virginia colonist killed a Powhatan leader.
b.
Englishman John Rolfe married Pocahantas, a Powhatan leader’s daughter.
c.
Nathaniel Bacon led angry colonists in burning American Indian villages.
d.
The English Crown canceled the London Company’s charter.
 

 4. 

The London Company’s “headright system” work by
a.
attracting farmers, carpenters, and hunters to Virginia by paying their way and guaranteeing them work.
b.
motivating colonists to stay in Virginia by promising 50 acres of land to anyone who devoted ten years to plantation work.
c.
inviting colonists to bring servants and relatives to Virginia by discounting fares for every additional person brought from England.
d.
encouraging aristocrats to move to Virginia by giving 50 acres of land per person to individuals and groups who paid their own way.
 

 5. 

Many English Catholics came to America in the 1600s to
a.
escape a kingdom that did not allow them to worship freely.
b.
protest England’s separation from the Roman Catholic Church.
c.
provide assistance to Catholic countries such as France and Spain.
d.
found a proprietary colony in a southern region of the New World.
 

 6. 

Who proposed the Toleration Act of 1649, and why?
a.
the British, to restore order in Massachusetts after the Boston Massacre and the Boston Tea Party
b.
Nathaniel Bacon, to prevent Jamestown’s indentured servants from rebelling against the Algonquian Indians
c.
the Puritans, to allow men to vote in their colonies even if they did not belong to God’s “elect”
d.
Lord Baltimore, to outlaw the restriction of the religious rights of Christians in Maryland
 

 7. 

The Toleration Act of 1649 was significant to America’s development because it
a.
allowed Protestant settlers to move to the colony of Maryland even though it was founded by Catholics.
b.
symbolized the American value of protecting the freedom of individuals and minority groups.
c.
provided an example of how a representative democracy can pass laws in a fair and just manner.
d.
proved that conflicts over beliefs about God can be solved once-and-for-all by human beings.
 

 8. 

Which was a factor in Virginia colonists’ decision to use slave labor?
a.
They could purchase more land if they put more slaves to work.
b.
There were not enough indentured servants to meet the high demand.
c.
There had not been a significant slave rebellion in the northern colonies.
d.
The cost of purchasing slaves had fallen dramatically.
 

 9. 

Which statement is true of the Southern colonies in the late 1600s?
a.
There were many large plantations and some small farms.
b.
African servants lived separately from white indentured servants.
c.
Skilled craftspeople were essential to the economy.
d.
The important cash crops were tobacco, rice, and indigo.
 

 10. 

Which colonies had the strictest slave codes?
a.
The colonies with the largest farming areas.
b.
The colonies with the most slaves.
c.
The colonies that had freed the most slaves.
d.
The colonies that had experienced rebellions.
 

 11. 

Which of the following statements fails to explain why the Pilgrims migrated to America?
a.
They tried to reform the Church of England because they thought bishops and priests had too much power over members.
b.
They wanted to escape from religious tension in England, which remained high after the Protestant Reformation.
c.
Some of them had tried to separate from the Church of England and feared punishment by English leaders.
d.
Some of them developed a new form of Protestantism and dreamed of founding a Church of New England.
 

 12. 

The Mayflower Compact could best be described as a/an
a.
detailed list of reasons why the Pilgrims left England for the United States.
b.
trade contract between Great Britain and merchants in the Virginia colony.
c.
early attempt at self-government in the English colonies.
d.
basic agreement requiring colonists to obey Virginia law.
 

 13. 

What effect did the Mayflower Compact have on the development of constitutional democracy in America?
a.
It rested the authority of governments on covenants, or sacred agreements.
b.
It called for a separation of church from government.
c.
It allowed men who were not church members to vote.
d.
It stated that government must protect the religious rights of a small minority.
 

 14. 

What have some historians called minister Thomas Hooker?
a.
“the father of American democracy”
b.
“a member of God’s ‘elect’”
c.
“the fundamental leader of Connecticut”
d.
“the best in the ‘Society of Friends’”
 

 15. 

What was Anne Hutchinson’s belief that angered Puritan church leaders?
a.
People who were not members of the church should be allowed to vote.
b.
Women who were accused of being witches should not be sentenced to death.
c.
People could have a relationship with God without guidance from ministers.
d.
People could take land from American Indians without paying for it.
 

 16. 

Which quotation best expresses the point of view of a New England colonist on education?
a.
“All children need to learn to read, write, and do arithmetic.”
b.
“Only a literate community can keep a record of its successes and failures for the benefit of future generations.”
c.
“Trade is important to our community, which means people have to be able to make simple calculations.”
d.
“All children need to be able to read the Bible.”
 

 17. 

Compared with the South, what disadvantage did New England farmers face?
a.
Regional farms did not support many cash crops.
b.
Few slaves were available to work the rich soil.
c.
Demand for farm labor could not be met by supply.
d.
Rules prevented raising animals for individual use.
 

 18. 

How did women contribute to colonial economies?
a.
ran farms, businesses, and practiced medicine
b.
managed slaves who worked as blacksmiths
c.
ran schools and hospitals
d.
worked in cities as skilled craftspeople
 

 19. 

New England had plenty of forests. How does this fact connect to the economic importance of shipbuilding to the region?
a.
The supply of wood enabled shipbuilders to construct vessels to meet the demands of various traders.
b.
The protection offered by forests along the coast encouraged colonists to build a naval fleet to fight the British.
c.
Bundles of logs called “pick-up-sticks” were shipped cheaply to England and other colonies for a high fee.
d.
Shipbuilders sold the forests for a large sum to a joint stock company owned by a British paper manufacturer.
 

 20. 

How were the middle colonies different from the northern and southern colonies?
a.
There were no slaves in the middle colonies.
b.
Most colonists there were fur traders.
c.
Generous land grants brought people to the middle colonies.
d.
Most colonists there escaped religious persecution.
 

 21. 

The economy of the middle colonies was supported largely by the cultivation of
a.
staple crops.
b.
livestock.
c.
slave labor.
d.
indentured servants.
 

 22. 

What contribution did slaves make to the economy of the middle colonies?
a.
They planted and harvested cash crops in the rocky soil.
b.
They worked in cities at skilled crafts such as blacksmithing and carpentry.
c.
They helped women run clothing and grocery shops.
d.
They earned money for their owners by selling products such as butter.
 

 23. 

In large part, who filled the growing labor needs of the economy of the middle colonies?
a.
indentured servants
b.
former slaves
c.
apprentices
d.
skilled craftsmen
 

 24. 

How did trade support the economy of the middle colonies?
a.
Merchants in Philadelphia and New York City exported wheat to foreign markets.
b.
Merchants sold dried corn and corn meal grown in Pennsylvania and New Jersey.
c.
Merchants imported large quantities of molasses from Britain and the West Indies.
d.
Merchants traded indigo from Pennsylvania for barley and oats from the South.
 

 25. 

The English Bill of Rights reduced the powers of the English monarch while
a.
Sir Edmund Andros ruled all of England.
b.
King James ruled all of England.
c.
Parliament gained power.
d.
Parliament lost power.
 

 26. 

The political ideas of which event shaped the English Bill of Rights?
a.
the French and Indian War
b.
the Enlightenment
c.
the Glorious Revolution
d.
the Great Awakening
 

 27. 

What was the significance of the English Bill of Rights?
a.
It led to the bloodless overthrow of James II.
b.
It influenced the writers of the U.S. Constitution.
c.
It emphasized the authority of the English monarchs.
d.
It resulted in the Committees of Correspondence.
 

 28. 

The African slave who purchased his freedom and devoted himself to ending slavery was
a.
Olaudah Equiano.
b.
Metacomet.
c.
Pontiac.
d.
Squanto.
 

 29. 

In European nations, the practice of carefully controlling trade to create and maintain wealth was called
a.
mercantilism.
b.
brokering.
c.
capitalism.
d.
profiteering.
 

 30. 

The purpose of the series of Navigation Acts passed by Parliament between 1650 and 1696 was to
a.
require colonists to do their trading only with England.
b.
establish duties, or taxes, on items exported to the colonies.
c.
benefit the colonists by promoting a spirit of free trade.
d.
give England freedom to buy and sell goods in any market.
 

 31. 

From the late 1600s to the early 1700s, colonists did all of the following to undermine British restrictions on trade, except
a.
complain to representatives of the Crown.
b.
smuggle sugar, molasses, and rum into the colonies.
c.
trade with plantation owners in the West Indies.
d.
charge taxes on goods exported to England.
 

 32. 

What was the Great Awakening?
a.
a movement of thinkers who believed in the idea that reason and logic could improve social and political life
b.
the migration of thousands of English people to the New England colonies and the Caribbean islands
c.
the series of witchcraft trials in which groups of young girls accused church ministers of casting spells
d.
a religious movement that swept through the colonies and changed colonial religion, society, and politics
 

 33. 

What effect did the ideas of the Great Awakening have on political life in the colonies during the 1730s?
a.
Jonathan Edwards’ sermons persuaded colonists to petition the royal governor, which led to the abolition of tariffs.
b.
Sermons on spiritual equality led colonists to ask for political equality, which set the stage for the American Revolution.
c.
Spiritual leaders argued that a social contract, or covenant, tied colonists to the British Crown in the eyes of God.
d.
George Whitefield preached against slavery, which soon caused slave uprisings against colonists in the South.
 

 34. 

In 1753, who fought the British over settlements in the Ohio River Valley?
a.
the Spanish
b.
the French
c.
Native Americans
d.
Canadians
 

 35. 

What event marked the start of the French and Indian War?
a.
George Washington surrendered to the French.
b.
The Seven Years’ War broke out in Europe.
c.
George Washington attacked the British in Quebec.
d.
Great Britain and France signed the Treaty of Paris.
 

 36. 

What was one result of the French and Indian War?
a.
France lost land claims in North America while Britain gained Canada and most French lands east of the Mississippi River.
b.
Spain gained Canada and Britain gained New Orleans.
c.
Land east of the Mississippi River was divided equally between France and Britain.
d.
France began moving west to settle new lands.
 

 37. 

In 1764, Parliament passed the Sugar Act in response to Prime Minister George Grenville’s request to tax the colonists. The British prime minister made that request to
a.
pay the costs of the French and Indian War.
b.
pay the costs of the Seven Years’ War.
c.
replace British ships that had been damaged by smugglers.
d.
replace British goods that had rotted because of a boycott.
 

 38. 

Colonists who were upset by Parliament’s effort to tax them might have made all of the following remarks, except
a.
“Just say ‘no’ to British goods!”
b.
“No one asked us if we wanted to be taxed!”
c.
“End the boycotts now!”
d.
“No Taxation without Representation!”
 

 39. 

Why was the Stamp Act of 1765 particularly upsetting to the colonists?
a.
It was the first time Parliament had tried to tax colonists directly.
b.
It was the first attempt by Parliament to tax exports, not just imports.
c.
To enforce it, Britain’s standing army used violence to frighten tax payers.
d.
To enforce it, Britain placed its own judges on the benches of colonial courts.
 

 40. 

What event directly sparked the Boston Massacre?
a.
A crowd of sailors dared British troops to shoot at them.
b.
A British soldier standing guard hit a colonist during an argument.
c.
An African American sailor shot and wounded a British soldier.
d.
Colonists spread negative propaganda about British troops.
 

 41. 

The Boston Tea Party clearly demonstrated how
a.
unhappy colonists were with new British laws.
b.
much colonists cared for tea in relation to other imports.
c.
easily colonists could tell cheap tea from expensive tea.
d.
angry colonists were even before the Boston Massacre.
 

 42. 

Parliament repealed almost all of the Townshend Acts because it
a.
wanted to reduce tension in the colonies.
b.
could make the same money on taxing tea as it could on almost all other goods.
c.
wanted to give colonists a sense of independence.
d.
could make more money paying to catch smugglers than paying to collect taxes.
 

 43. 

What word best describes the response of Britain’s Lord North to news of the Boston Tea Party?
a.
relieved
b.
impartial
c.
disturbed
d.
furious
 

 44. 

What did colonists call the Coercive Acts, passed by Parliament in spring of 1774?
a.
the Intolerable Acts
b.
the Tariff of Abominations
c.
Acts of Cruelty
d.
Lord North’s Revenge
 

 45. 

Which of the following is not one of the ways Massachusetts was punished for the Boston Tea Party?
a.
Its charter was canceled.
b.
Boston Harbor was closed.
c.
The colonial governor had to approve when the legislature could meet.
d.
Bostonians had to search for and recover the discarded tea.
 

Completion
Complete each statement.
 

 46. 

John Smith improved life in Jamestown by forming an alliance with the powerful __________________________, whose members taught settlers to grow corn. (Powhatan Confederacy/Iroqois League)
 

 

 47. 

The ___________________, signed by 41 of the male passengers of the ship, describes the principles of the Pilgrim colony’s government. (Jamestown Agreement/Mayflower Compact)
 

 

 48. 

In 1630 _________________ led the fleet of ships that carried Puritan colonists from England to Massachusetts, where they planned to build an ideal Christian community. (John Wintrop/Richard Mather)
 

 

 49. 

An uprising in which colonists protested trade and land agreements with American Indians was known as _____________________. (Bacon’s Rebellion/the Whiskey Rebellion)
 

 

 50. 

In New England political life centered around the ____________________, where people talked about and decided on local issues, such as paying for schools. (church service/town meeting)
 

 

True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
 

 51. 

Jamestown’s population plummeted between 1609 and 1610 because of infertile soil, which caused many of Jamestown’s original settlers to seek better farmland in the middle colonies.
 

 52. 

During the Great Awakening, spiritual leaders such as Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield argued that a social contract tied colonists to the British Crown in the eyes of God.
 

 53. 

To enforce the Stamp Act of 1765, Britain placed its own judges on the benches of colonial courts.
 

 54. 

Part of the reason why Virginia colonists decided to use slave labor was that there were not enough indentured servants to meet the high demand.
 

 55. 

The colony of Pennsylvania was named after William Penn, a Quaker who believed in dealing fairly with local American Indians, welcoming immigrants, and tolerating other religions.
 

 56. 

Many English Catholics came to America in the 1600s to escape a kingdom that did not allow them to worship freely.
 

 57. 

The colonies with the strictest slave codes were the same ones that had freed the most slaves.
 

 58. 

New England colonists thought education was especially important because they wanted their children to be able to read the Bible.
 

 59. 

Slaves contributed to the economy of the middle colonies by working in cities at skilled crafts such as blacksmithing and carpentry.
 

 60. 

During the 1730s, sermons on spiritual equality led colonists to ask for political equality, a demand which set the stage for the American Revolution.
 

Short Answer
 

 61. 

What factors helped the Puritans succeed in establishing the Massachusetts Bay Colony?
 

 62. 

Why did Nathaniel Bacon and a group of former indentured servants attack and burn Jamestown?
 

 63. 

What one word do you think best describes the response of Britain’s Lord North to news of the Boston Tea Party?
 

 64. 

What was the significance of Virginia’s assembly, founded in 1619?
 

 65. 

What was the headright system? What was its significance?
 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
John Smith
b.
Boston Tea Party
c.
Intolerable Acts
d.
English Bill of Rights
e.
John Winthrop
f.
Mayflower Compact
g.
Toleration Act of 1649
h.
William Penn
i.
Boston Massacre
j.
Stamp Act
k.
John Edwards
 

 66. 

closed the port of Boston, cancelled Massachusetts’ charter, and increased colonists’ anger at Britain
 

 67. 

proposed by Lord Baltimore to end restrictions on the religious rights of Christians in Maryland
 

 68. 

marked the first time Parliament had tried to tax colonists directly
 

 69. 

helped colonists by making an agreement with the Powhatan
 

 70. 

early attempt at colonial self-government
 

 71. 

document that reduced the powers of the English monarch
 

 72. 

colonial rebellion that led to strict acts imposed by the British against the colonists
 

 73. 

led a group of Puritans who left England for Massachusetts in 1630 seeking religious freedom
 

 74. 

led the British Crown to find two soldiers guilty of killing people by accident
 

 75. 

one of the most important leaders of the Great Awakening
 



 
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