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NHPT2



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

What advantage did the Viking longship have over earlier vessels?
a.
size
b.
strength
c.
speed
d.
stability
 

 2. 

In what year was Leif Eriksson’s ship carried off course to North America?
a.
874
b.
900
c.
974
d.
1000
 

 3. 

In the year 1000, strong winds blew Leif Eriksson’s ship off course to
a.
the Cape of Good Hope.
b.
Greenland.
c.
Portugal.
d.
the North American coast.
 

 4. 

How did Prince Henry the Navigator help push exploration forward?
a.
He set out on a voyage to explore the west coast of Africa.
b.
He financed research by mapmakers and shipbuilders.
c.
He published Marco Polo’s inspirational writings on the Silk Road.
d.
He funded an observatory to advance the study of astronomy.
 

 5. 

How did caravels differ from the galleons that had been used before?
a.
They had taller masts.
b.
They had square sails.
c.
They could sail against the wind.
d.
They could be steered using a rudder.
 

 6. 

The astrolabe aided explorers in finding new continents by allowing ship navigators to
a.
estimate distance from land by measuring the oceans’ depth.
b.
check location by charting the position of celestial bodies.
c.
determine direction by aligning a magnetic strip with the North Pole.
d.
calculate the rate of travel by measuring the speed of headwinds.
 

 7. 

Which explorer led Portugal in winning the European race for a sea route to Asia?
a.
Vasco de Gama
b.
Bartolomeu Dias
c.
Vasco Núñez de Balboa
d.
Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca
 

 8. 

Columbus’s travels to the Americas created conflict between
a.
France and Spain.
b.
Africa and Spain.
c.
Spain and Portugal.
d.
France and Portugal.
 

 9. 

Which of the following describes the Treaty of Tordesillas?
a.
It expanded Spain’s lands east of the Line of Demarcation.
b.
It moved the Line of Demarcation 800 miles further west.
c.
It prevented war between Spain and Native American populations.
d.
It required people to have colonists’ papers to collect gold on Hispaniola.
 

 10. 

Whose crew was the first to circumnavigate the globe?
a.
Amerigo Vespucci’s
b.
Ferdinand Magellan’s
c.
Vasco Núñez de Balboa’s
d.
Giovanni da Verrazano’s
 

 11. 

The Columbian Exchange had deadly effects, such as
a.
bringing the bubonic plague and the Black Death to Florence.
b.
spreading measles, smallpox, and typhus throughout Europe.
c.
infecting Native Americans with new and deadly diseases.
d.
robbing Native Americans of corn, tomatoes, tobacco, and cocoa.
 

 12. 

Which of the following best describes the Columbian Exchange?
a.
Explorers shipped stolen wheat and barley to Europe.
b.
A successful trade route between the Europe and the Americas.
c.
New plants and animals were brought to Europe and the Americas.
d.
Columbus discovered new animals in the Americas and wrote to Europe about them.
 

 13. 

In what present-day country did the Aztec Empire exist?
a.
Mexico
b.
Cuba
c.
Dominican Republic
d.
Venezuela
 

 14. 

Who was Malintzin?
a.
Spanish conquistador who helped defeat the Inca
b.
Indian woman who helped defeat the Aztec
c.
Spanish conquistador who was captured at Tenochtitlán
d.
Indian woman who was killed by smallpox at Cuzco
 

 15. 

What was the conquistadors’ biggest advantage in defeating the Aztec and the Inca?
a.
strong leadership
b.
steel armor and weapons
c.
larger armies
d.
immunity to smallpox
 

 16. 

What network of paths connected the scattered communities of New Spain?
a.
El Calléjon de la Plata
b.
La Entrada de Oro
c.
El Camino Real
d.
La Avenida del Virrey
 

 17. 

The pueblo settlements set up by the Spanish in New Spain served as
a.
military bases to protect towns and churches.
b.
trading posts for commerce and sometimes as centers of government.
c.
holy places for converting the native population to Catholicism.
d.
cultural sites for Spaniards to learn about Native American customs.
 

 18. 

Whose men discovered the Grand Canyon while searching for the Seven Cities of Gold?
a.
Pánifilo de Narváez’s
b.
Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca’s
c.
Francisco Vasquez de Coronado’s
d.
Juan Ponce de León’s
 

 19. 

The Spanish Crown established the encomienda system mainly to
a.
reward settlers for bringing the Crown so much wealth.
b.
entice settlers to convert the local people to Christianity.
c.
give the settlers an incentive to practice slavery.
d.
ensure settlers’ land remained the property of the Crown.
 

 20. 

What rights were granted to Spanish settlers under the encomienda system?
a.
They could import African slaves to the Americas without documentation.
b.
They could tax local American Indians or make them work.
c.
They could punish American Indians who did not attend church services.
d.
They could start plantations on local American Indian land.
 

 21. 

How did Catholicism affect Spain’s rule in the Americas?
a.
Spain commanded priests to convert American Indians to Christianity.
b.
Spain’s king turned to the pope for approval for all of his decisions.
c.
Catholic duties distracted the Spanish from expansion in the borderlands.
d.
Spain’s religious missions answered to the pope rather than the King.
 

 22. 

What did Bartolomé de Las Casas do to try to change Spain’s way of governing in the Americas?
a.
He wrote books and letters defending the American Indians.
b.
He revised laws regarding the use of African slaves.
c.
He complained about the treatment of plantation owners.
d.
He insisted on the use of American Indians for plantation work.
 

 23. 

What were Martin Luther’s main charges against the Catholic Church?
a.
The Church discouraged people from reading the Bible on their own and made them rely solely on the teachings of a priest.
b.
The Church made religion out to be too simple, while God meant for it to be challenging and complicated.
c.
The Church focused more on wealth and worldly things than on spirituality, and was being corrupted by power.
d.
The Church was mixing religious struggles with politics, while history had shown this to be a dangerous combination.
 

 24. 

Spain’s actions against England’s Queen Elizabeth I show that its religious allegiance was to the
a.
Catholic Church.
b.
Anglican Church.
c.
Huguenots.
d.
Protestants.
 

 25. 

For which country did King Philip II lead the Catholic Reformation?
a.
Germany
b.
England
c.
France
d.
Spain
 

 26. 

Why was King Philip II shocked by the defeat of the Spanish Armada?
a.
His fleet had almost three times as many ships as the English.
b.
His ships were smaller and faster than those of the English.
c.
His fleet had just conquered France and the Netherlands.
d.
His ships could not be replaced because of economic inflation.
 

 27. 

Why did Queen Elizabeth I stand in the way of Spain’s Counter-Reformation?
a.
She had a personal grudge against King Philip II.
b.
Her father, Henry VIII, was a fan of the sea dogs.
c.
She wanted to add to Spain’s economic problems.
d.
Her father, Henry VIII, founded the Anglican Church.
 

 28. 

Why were the many searches for a Northwest Passage significant?
a.
They caused France and Italy to claim land.
b.
They raised European interest in North America.
c.
They led French, Italian, and Dutch sailors to sail for other nations.
d.
They resulted in better maps of South America.
 

 29. 

For which country did Jacques Cartier claim land during his two trips to Canada in 1534 and 1535?
a.
England
b.
France
c.
Italy
d.
the Netherlands
 

 30. 

What type of document gave English settlers permission to start a colony?
a.
deed
b.
title
c.
lease
d.
charter
 

 31. 

What happened to the Roanoke colony after the summer of 1587?
a.
The colonists were brutally assaulted by local Native Americans.
b.
The colonists went back to England because they could not grow food.
c.
The colonists celebrated the first English birth in the present-day U.S.
d.
The colonists abandoned the site for a reason that remains a mystery.
 

 32. 

Who was Peter Minuit?
a.
German who built the first moveable type printing press and spread Protestantism
b.
Dutchman who founded New Amsterdam and helped found New Sweden
c.
Englishman who resettled the Roanoke colony after the first group abandoned it
d.
Frenchman who studied Native American languages and ways of life
 

 33. 

Why did the Dutch settlers practice religious toleration?
a.
They thought it would help keep the peace in the colonies.
b.
Religious toleration was practiced by other settlers.
c.
They thought it would attract more colonists.
d.
Religious intolerance was against their religion.
 

 34. 

In 1548, Spanish historian Fernández de Oviedo wrote “there are not now believed to be at the present time…five hundred persons [left].” He was writing about the
a.
destruction of the Aztec civilization by Hernan Cortés.
b.
effects of infection on the Taino people of Hispaniola.
c.
dying off of relatives of Ferdinand Magellan’s original crew.
d.
result of germ warfare on Native Americans in present-day Panama.
 

 35. 

Why did colonists in need of cheap labor turn to slaves from West Africa?
a.
West African slaves had already built up immunity to European diseases.
b.
Sugar plantation owners and tobacco farmers needed slaves familiar with agriculture.
c.
The pope had promoted the use of West African slaves in Catholic lands.
d.
The Portuguese government had legalized the sale of slaves in its colonies.
 

 36. 

Which term describes the voyage taken by slaves across the Atlantic Ocean?
a.
Great Migration
b.
Middle Passage
c.
African Diaspora
d.
Terrible Transformation
 

 37. 

About how many million Africans were shipped across the Atlantic as slaves between the 1520s and 1860s?
a.
9
b.
10
c.
11
d.
12
 

 38. 

The term African Diaspora refers to the
a.
harsh voyage taken by slaves across the Atlantic Ocean.
b.
forced labor of West Africans in mines and on farms and plantations.
c.
scattering of enslaved Africans all across the New World.
d.
regulation of slave treatment and behavior by colonial lawmakers.
 

 39. 

How did enslaved Africans try to cope with life in the Americas?
a.
adopted the culture of the Native Americans
b.
sought refuge in their families, religion, art, and dance
c.
tried to start their own farming communities
d.
let their owners control their families and religion
 

 40. 

The Black Death affected the European economy by
a.
killing most of the crops.
b.
causing a shortage of workers.
c.
causing Europeans to move to Asia.
d.
slowing trade between cities.
 

Completion
Complete each statement.
 

 41. 

A Spanish conquistador named __________________ led the destruction of the Aztec Empire. (Hernán Cortés/Pedro de Alvarado)
 

 

 42. 

King Philip II’s launching of the _____________________ against England’s Queen Elizabeth I and her sea dogs showed that Spain’s religious allegiance was to the _______________________. (Columbus Fleet, Protestants/Spanish Armada, Catholic Church)
 

 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Henry VIII
b.
African Diaspora
c.
encomienda system
d.
Martin Luther
e.
Middle Passage
f.
plantations
g.
Peter Stuyvesant
h.
Henry the Navigator
i.
Quebec
j.
Leif Eriksson
k.
caravel
 

 43. 

voyage across the Atlantic Ocean that enslaved Africans were forced to endure
 

 44. 

special type of ship that featured important advances in sailing technology
 

 45. 

New Netherland governor who conquered New Sweden in 1655
 

 46. 

large farms that grew just one kind of crop and made enormous profits for their owners
 

 47. 

publicly criticized the Roman Catholic Church with his ninety-five theses
 

 48. 

small colony on the Saint Lawrence River which opened trading routes for the French
 

 49. 

scattering of millions of enslaved Africans across the New World
 

 50. 

helped Portugal become a leader in world exploration
 



 
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