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Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Nominating conventions contributed to the expansion of democracy in the United States in the 1820s by
a.
drawing media attention to the election.
b.
allowing people to become more active in politics.
c.
granting women and African Americans the vote.
d.
increasing the presidential candidate’s popularity.
 

 2. 

Which of the following statements is an example of how voting rights were expanded in the early 1800s?
a.
Maryland set religious qualifications for voters.
b.
Some states extended suffrage rights to more white males.
c.
Party leaders began to nominate their parties’ candidates.
d.
Massachusetts granted one-half of a vote to each literate freedman.
 

 3. 

Which of the following statements describes the social situation of the United States before Jacksonian Democracy?
a.
Hundreds of craftspeople were opening shops in the cities.
b.
Small farmers were profiting from new technologies.
c.
Power was in the hands of a few wealthy individuals.
d.
Ordinary Americans were gaining a voice in government.
 

 4. 

What was the main Democratic criticism of John Quincy Adams’s candidacy for the presidency?
a.
He was crude and hot-tempered.
b.
He was out of touch with everyday people.
c.
He was a veteran too invested in the military.
d.
He was a bad judge of character.
 

 5. 

Study the quotation below and answer the question that follows.

“What a scene did we witness! … a rabble, a mob, of boys … women, children, scrambling, fighting, romping … But it was the people’s day, and the people’s President, and the people would rule.”
—Margaret Bayard Smith, quoted in Eyewitness to America, edited by David Colbert

This eyewitness account describes the
a.
rebellion of common people against a privileged president.
b.
excitement surrounding a popular new president’s inauguration.
c.
mad dash of presidential supporters scrambling for government jobs.
d.
somber occasion of a lame duck president’s last day in office.
 

 6. 

Who was one of Andrew Jackson’s strongest allies in his official cabinet?
a.
John C. Calhoun
b.
Daniel Webster
c.
Martin Van Buren
d.
William Henry Harrison
 

 7. 

Northerners opposed the federal government’s sale of public land at cheap prices in the early 1800s because it
a.
attracted unskilled immigrants to the North to settle.
b.
encouraged potential laborers in the North to migrate west.
c.
lured slaveholding plantation owners to move from the South.
d.
increased competition between the North and the South.
 

 8. 

Northerners supported tariffs in the early 1800s because tariffs helped them compete with
a.
British merchants.
b.
Southern agriculturalists.
c.
British manufacturers.
d.
Southern manufacturers.
 

 9. 

In the early 1800s southerners opposed tariffs because tariffs
a.
decreased the price of the goods they needed.
b.
angered their European trading partners.
c.
benefited only northern merchants.
d.
were higher in the South than in the North and West.
 

 10. 

What effect did the Tariff of Abominations have on Andrew Jackson’s America?
a.
It fostered the nation’s hatred of British companies.
b.
It fueled growing sectional differences within the country.
c.
It helped the West, which did not rely on international trade.
d.
It favored the South’s agriculture-based economy.
 

 11. 

In the early 1800s the frontier West
a.
relied heavily on trade with Britain.
b.
suffered from low property values.
c.
struggled in a climate that often damaged crops.
d.
lacked services such as roads and water transportation.
 

 12. 

During Andrew Jackson’s presidency westerners supported policies that
a.
boosted the farming economy and encouraged further settlement.
b.
lowered tariffs on manufactured goods from overseas.
c.
expanded the military presence in regional settlements.
d.
maintained the slavery system throughout the country.
 

 13. 

Arguments over which issue sparked the nullification crisis?
a.
states’ rights
b.
the Tariff of Abominations
c.
economic depression
d.
bank operations
 

 14. 

How did President Andrew Jackson react to Vice President John C. Calhoun’s views on nullification?
a.
Jackson commended him because he and Calhoun whole-heartedly agreed.
b.
Jackson stood back and let Calhoun be judged by the voting public.
c.
Jackson openly disagreed with Calhoun and watched as Calhoun resigned.
d.
Jackson fired Calhoun over the issue and forced duty collection on the South.
 

 15. 

The nullification crisis was a dispute over the power of the
a.
states to secede from the Union.
b.
states to reject unconstitutional federal laws.
c.
federal government to end tariffs.
d.
federal government to favor one region over another.
 

 16. 

What did Vice President John C. Calhoun argue regarding the Tariff of Abominations?
a.
The federal government should have less power than the states.
b.
State governments should have no right to dispute federal laws.
c.
The federal government should favor his region over others.
d.
International trade should be a matter of federal law alone.
 

 17. 

What was Daniel Webster’s position on states’ rights?
a.
The welfare of the nation should override the concerns of individual states.
b.
Federal authority should be upheld, but federal power should not be expanded.
c.
States needed a way to lawfully protest questionable federal legislation.
d.
Economic problems should dictate which regions executive orders favored.
 

 18. 

What was Andrew Jackson’s view on the Second Bank of the United States?
a.
It should have the power to act exclusively as the federal government’s financial agent.
b.
It should be mostly privately owned, but supervised by Congress and the president.
c.
It was an unconstitutional extension of Congress that should be controlled by the states.
d.
It was a welfare agency for wealthy politicians that should have its charter revoked.
 

 19. 

The economic policies adopted by President Jackson before the Panic of 1837
a.
decreased inflation.
b.
privatized state banks.
c.
lowered the national debt.
d.
hurt expansion in the West.
 

 20. 

How did Andrew Jackson set the stage for later economic trouble?
a.
He caused inflation by having state mints print an oversupply of paper state-bank notes.
b.
He caused inflation by moving funds to state banks that gave credit to settlers in the West.
c.
He raised the national debt by moving the national bank’s funds to banks that invested in Britain.
d.
He raised the national debt by spending money on lands that the government already owned.
 

 21. 

What idea did the Whig Party favor when it formed to oppose Jackson in 1834?
a.
expansion of the federal government
b.
creation of a monarchic state
c.
a weak president and a strong Congress
d.
broadening of the two-party system
 

 22. 

What contributed to Martin Van Buren’s success in the presidential election of 1837?
a.
the popularity of his stand against a domineering presidency
b.
the successful economic policies of his predecessor
c.
the inability of the opposing party to decide on one candidate
d.
the confidence inspired by his past as an army general
 

 23. 

What caused the severe economic depression of the Panic of 1837?
a.
President Jackson’s unsuccessful economic policies
b.
Congress’s veto of the creation of a national bank
c.
President Harrison’s excessive investments in the military
d.
President Van Buren’s inability to gain support from the Whig Party
 

 24. 

The Bureau of Indian Affairs was a
a.
congressionally-approved office established to protect the ways of Native Americans.
b.
federal agency created to manage the removal of Native Americans to the West.
c.
federal agency designed to negotiate with Creek and Chickasaw Indians.
d.
group established by the Mississippi legislature to track Native American deaths.
 

 25. 

What was most significant about the Choctaw Indians after 1830?
a.
They were the first American Indians removed to Indian Territory.
b.
Their government was the first to be abolished by an American state.
c.
Their example inspired other American Indians to settle in Indian Territory.
d.
They were the first American Indians to be raided by settlers.
 

 26. 

Where was Indian Territory?
a.
east of the Mississippi River
b.
south of the Blue Ridge Mountains
c.
present-day Oklahoma
d.
present-day Arkansas
 

 27. 

Who benefited most from Andrew Jackson’s plan to remove American Indians to the West?
a.
American Indians, who gained protection by the U.S. government
b.
Andrew Jackson, who gained public approval as a result of his policy
c.
American farmers, who gained millions of acres of land for settlement
d.
Cherokee Indians, who gained a new model of constitutional government
 

 28. 

How did the Cherokee people resist removal to Indian Territory?
a.
They adopted the contemporary culture of white Americans.
b.
They traded tribal goods for knives, guns, and other weapons.
c.
They brought a case against the state to a federal court.
d.
They published a newspaper directed toward federal officials.
 

 29. 

What did the Supreme Court rule in Worcester v. Georgia?
a.
The Cherokee Indians had to move from their land in Georgia.
b.
The state of Georgia had no legal power over the Cherokee.
c.
Only state governments had authority over American Indians.
d.
U.S. troops in any state had the right to remove American Indians.
 

 30. 

What was Sequoya’s role in Native American history?
a.
He led a Cherokee attack on Georgia troops.
b.
He created a writing system for the Cherokee language.
c.
He sued the state of Georgia for illegal occupation of Cherokee land.
d.
He modeled the first Cherokee government after the U.S. Constitution.
 

 31. 

Which of the following was a consequence of the Worcester v. Georgia decision?
a.
Georgia ignored the ruling and President Jackson took no action to enforce it.
b.
Georgia allowed the Cherokee nation to establish an independent government.
c.
President Jackson authorized the removal of the Cherokee to Indian Territory.
d.
President Jackson ordered all state troops to keep out of all Indian lands.
 

 32. 

What aspect of Native American history became known as the “Trail of Tears”?
a.
the streams of blood that flowed from the Sauk Indians in the Black Hawk War
b.
the forced 800-mile march Cherokee Indians made in their removal from Georgia
c.
the line connecting Seminole Indian settlements up and down Florida’s east coast
d.
the unpublished works on the Cherokee population written by Sequoya
 

 33. 

After signing a treaty in 1832 in which they agreed to leave Florida within three years the Seminole Indians
a.
brought a case against the state of Florida.
b.
respected the treaty and took a deadly journey west.
c.
ignored the treaty and resisted removal with force.
d.
stayed in Florida and adopted the culture of white people.
 

 34. 

Which group did Osceola lead against U.S. troops?
a.
the Sauk
b.
the Fox
c.
the Cherokee
d.
the Seminole
 

 35. 

Chief Black Hawk was the leader of the
a.
Fox and Sauk who decided to fight U.S. officials rather than leave Illinois.
b.
Seminole who called upon his tribe to resist removal and wound up dying in prison.
c.
Cherokee who persuaded his tribe to appeal to the U.S. Courts instead of using violence.
d.
Chickasaw who negotiated a treaty to get more supplies for the trip to Indian Territory.
 

Completion
Complete each statement.
 

 36. 

At public __________________________, political parties gave people a voice in the process of selecting candidates for president and vice president. (election rallies/nominating conventions)
 

 

 37. 

Andrew Jackson rewarded some of his political supporters with government jobs. This practice was an example of the _________________. (pork belly system/spoils system)
 

 

 38. 

In the early 1800s Americans from the North supported ______________ because they helped them compete with British manufacturers. (customs/tariffs)
 

 

 39. 

Arguments over a national tariff sparked the _________________ crisis, during which the state of South Carolina threatened to separate from the United States. (secession/nullification)
 

 

 40. 

The _____________ were the first American Indians removed to Indian Territory. (Choctaw/ Cherokee)
 

 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Black Hawk
b.
John C. Calhoun
c.
William Henry Harrison
d.
Indian Territory
e.
Kitchen Cabinet
f.
McCulloch v. Maryland
g.
Osceola
h.
spoils system
i.
Trail of Tears
j.
Martin Van Buren
k.
Worcester v. Georgia
l.
Daniel Webster
 

 41. 

Indian leader who decided to fight U.S. officials rather than leave Illinois
 

 42. 

established that only the federal government had authority over American Indians
 

 43. 

forced march to Indian Territory taken by the Cherokee
 

 44. 

advanced the states’ rights doctrine
 

 45. 

ruled that the national bank was constitutional
 

 46. 

led the Seminole against U.S. troops
 

 47. 

argued that the United States was one nation, not a pact among independent states
 

 48. 

U.S. land in present-day Oklahoma
 

 49. 

one of Andrew Jackson’s strongest allies in his official cabinet
 

 50. 

practice of rewarding loyal supporters with government jobs
 



 
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