Name: 
 

NH1



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

In approximately what year did the Ice Age end?
a.
18,000 B.C.
b.
13,000 B.C.
c.
8,000 B.C.
d.
3,000 B.C.
 

 2. 

Which of the following best describes the Olmec?
a.
They were fierce warriors with superior weapons.
b.
They developed the earliest known civilization in Mesoamerica.
c.
They formed a strong central government.
d.
They built networks of canals.
 

 3. 

How did the vast Incan Empire address the problems caused by its size?
a.
by building an advanced highway system
b.
by dividing its people into self-sufficient territories
c.
by creating a communication system based on glyphs
d.
by devising a number system to count the population
 

 4. 

What early crop did both Mesoamericans and people in the North American Southwest grow?
a.
maize
b.
wheat
c.
barley
d.
tobacco
 

 5. 

The cliff dwellings built by the Anasazi gave them protection against
a.
drought.
b.
duststorms.
c.
enemies.
d.
disease.
 

 6. 

What is an Anasazi kiva?
a.
large adobe oven built for the firing of clay pottery
b.
pueblo carved into a canyon wall which required the use of ladders to enter
c.
underground ceremonial chamber built at the center of a community
d.
temple mound built for the religious offering of fresh maize, beans, and squash
 

 7. 

The Hopewell and Mississippian mound builders were skilled
a.
farmers and traders.
b.
warriors.
c.
fishermen.
d.
explorers.
 

 8. 

The success of the Native American groups of the North was aided by the
a.
development of advanced irrigation methods.
b.
use of sled dogs for transportation.
c.
availability of wood for building houses.
d.
rich supply of game animals, fish, and wild plants.
 

 9. 

What was one major plant food for Native Americans in the California region?
a.
beans
b.
acorns
c.
maize
d.
squash
 

 10. 

The goal of the Iroquois League was to
a.
create a strong fishing community.
b.
strengthen the alliance against invasion.
c.
develop a monetary system.
d.
prevent the outbreak of war.
 

 11. 

Which of the following contributed to the success of the Kwakiutl and Chinook peoples?
a.
the development of advanced irrigation methods
b.
the use of sled dogs for transportation
c.
the availability of wood for building houses
d.
the rich supply of game animals, fish, and wild plants
 

 12. 

Which of the following is true about most of the Native American groups that lived in southeastern North America?
a.
They lived in cone-shaped shelters called teepees.
b.
They lived in farming villages governed by village councils.
c.
They were nomadic hunters who followed deer and elk.
d.
They built shelters from heavy clay called adobe.
 

 13. 

Which statement presents a belief Native Americans held about land rights?
a.
A portion of land was to be set aside for future generations.
b.
The present generation had the right to exploit the land.
c.
The crops one grew were to be shared by all.
d.
Individual rights to use land were temporary.
 

 14. 

The kingdom of Ghana was formed by the
a.
Berber people of northern Africa.
b.
joining of the Mali and Songhai empires.
c.
nomadic herders of the Niger River region.
d.
banding together of Soninke families for protection.
 

 15. 

Why was the kingdom of Ghana significant?
a.
Sundiata ruled it with a strong army.
b.
It gained wealth from taxes and by controlling trade in salt and gold.
c.
Mansa Musa taught its people to read the Qur’an.
d.
It gained great wealth from its agriculture and diamond mines.
 

 16. 

What caused the fall of the kingdom of Ghana?
a.
Its leaders were corrupt.
b.
The Almoravids cut off its trade routes.
c.
Sundiata’s forces overpowered its army.
d.
Salt ceased to be a valuable commodity.
 

 17. 

Like the kingdom of Ghana, the kingdom of Mali owed its importance to
a.
its supplies of gold.
b.
the influence of Islam.
c.
its geographical location.
d.
the collapse of nearby empires.
 

 18. 

Under whose leadership did Mali reach the height of its wealth, power, and fame?
a.
Askia the Great
b.
Mansa Musa
c.
Muhammad
d.
Sundiata
 

 19. 

Who was the author of the Republic, which describes an ideal society?
a.
Aristotle
b.
Plato
c.
Pythagoras
d.
Socrates
 

 20. 

Direct democracy is best defined as a form of government in which
a.
all citizens participate.
b.
representatives vote on issues.
c.
laws are publicly displayed.
d.
the few rule over the many.
 

 21. 

In the feudal system, a knight who promised to support a noble in battle was called a
a.
subject.
b.
vassal.
c.
lord.
d.
feud.
 

 22. 

What was the main cause of the decline of feudalism in the Middle Ages?
a.
the Black Death
b.
demands by peasants and serfs for payment
c.
the growth of trade
d.
decreased safety on routes like the Silk Road
 

 23. 

Which of the following served to unify the states and people of Europe under feudalism?
a.
the Roman Empire
b.
the Crusades
c.
the Frankish Empire
d.
the Catholic Church
 

 24. 

The Black Death affected the European economy by
a.
destroying most of the crops.
b.
causing a shortage of workers.
c.
forcing Europeans to move to Asia.
d.
slowing trade between cities.
 

 25. 

Which statement best explains why the Renaissance began in Italy?
a.
Italian aritists like Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci created some of the most beautiful paintings and sculptures in the world.
b.
Scholars fled to Italy as Turks conquered much of the Byzantine Empire in the East, and turned their interests to Rome’s supply of ancient Latin texts.
c.
A new middle class of artisans and merchants emerged as feudalism declined, and trade cities, especially those in Italy, became commercial centers.
d.
A fascination with science developed in the 1300s, and many books on science, math, and astronomy were uncovered in Italian monasteries.
 

 26. 

What does Renaissance mean?
a.
awakening
b.
enlightenment
c.
knowledge
d.
rebirth
 

 27. 

What is the significance of Dante Alighieri’s poetry?
a.
It was produced during the Renaissance.
b.
It was written in the language of ordinary people.
c.
It revived interest in works from ancient Greece and Rome.
d.
It served only to glorify God.
 

 28. 

How did Florence increase its wealth during the Commercial Revolution?
a.
Florence’sMerchants began dealing in rare goods from far-off continents.
b.
Florence’s bankers charged interest on money loaned to merchants.
c.
Florence’s upper-class started Carnevale, a celebration, to attract tourists.
d.
Florence’s business-people got together to invest in new companies.
 

 29. 

How did joint-stock companies benefit investors?
a.
They guaranteed investors a return on their money.
b.
They protected investors against corrupt governments.
c.
They allowed investors to take fewer risks.
d.
They allowed investors to make money more quickly.
 

 30. 

Why was Plato significant?
a.
taught that people should live lives based on reason
b.
wrote the Republic, which described an ideal society
c.
used geometry to calculate the size of Earth
d.
helped to found the Roman Empire
 

Completion
Complete each statement.
 

 31. 

The pilgrimage to Mecca made by Muslims is known as the __________________. (hajj/great pilgrimage)
 

 

 32. 

In the Middle Ages, nobles exchanged land for military service with _____________________, or warriors who fought on horseback. (serfs/knights)
 

 

 33. 

____________________ wrote the Republic. (Plato/Socrates)
 

 

 34. 

Evidence suggests that a group of people called ___________ crossed from northeastern Asia to present-day Alaska between 38,000 BC and 10,000 BC. (Paleo-Indians/Inuits)
 

 

 35. 

__________________ was the capital of the Incan empire. (Tenochtitlán/Cuzco)
 

 

True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
 

 36. 

The Aztec civilizations was the first civilization to use canals to direct water through their cities.
 

 37. 

The Dogrib and Montagnais peoples followed the seasonal migrations of deer in the Subartic culture area.
 

 38. 

Native American groups shared the view that crops were the property of the person who grew them.
 

 39. 

A ruler named Sundiata founded the Songhai empire.
 

 40. 

The period of the Renaissance in Europe was more orderly and stable than the       Middle Ages had been.
 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
Soninke
b.
Bering Land Bridge
c.
Socrates
d.
Djenné
e.
Tenochtitlán
f.
the Silk Road
g.
Quechua
h.
migration
i.
Michelangelo
j.
totem
k.
Inuit
l.
Medici
 

 41. 

movement of people or animals from one region to another
 

 42. 

wealthy Florentine banking family
 

 43. 

official language of the Inca
 

 44. 

family who farmed land along the Niger River
 

 45. 

Renaissance painter and sculptor
 

 46. 

caravan route for traders such as Marco Polo
 

 47. 

spirits of ancestor or animals
 

 48. 

important trading city in Mali’s empire
 

 49. 

pathway into North America during the Ice Age
 

 50. 

Greek philosopher and teacher
 



 
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